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In a hole in the ground there lived...



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Let Them People Decide

Posted by Tolkien , in Uncategorized, Writing?? Dec 11 2011 · 153 views
SSC#8, voting
Hi, this is a quick entry to bring to your collective attention the fact that the Short Stories Contest #8 People's Choice poll is up, and also to exhort you to go thou and vote therein. Read the entries first, of course. And then vote. There were some really great submissions for this contest, and they deserve to be read. I did not make it into the people's choice poll. Alas? I suppose that could be a good thing or a bad thing. We'll see. Regardless, this has been a friendly exhortation. Have a nice day.

JRRT


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About That Short Story...

Posted by Tolkien , in Writing??, Bionicle Nov 28 2011 · 133 views
SSC8, Short Stories Contest 8 and 1 more...

Hehey, remember that Short Stories contest? The eighth one? Yeah, yeah, that's it. Well, there's this one entry--I don't know if you've read it before--but it's still out there, floating around, and I just thought, you know, if you were interested in taking some time, you might, like, think about sending a comment its way. Maybe.


I actually think that the guy who wrote it would appreciate it. Really I do.


What? Did he ask me to ask you?


No no...I came up with this on my own.


Honest.


----


The Coming of the Toa


SSC8 entry.


Shameless plug.


JRRT




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The Thanksgiving Entry

Posted by Tolkien , in Bionicle, Holidays, Long Entries, Life Nov 24 2011 · 155 views
Thanksgiving, Bionicle and 1 more...
Hey people.

Today is Thanksgiving, and I was trying to think up something to post that would be somehow related to that event. In doing the aforementioned thinking-up, I remembered that two years ago wasn't just any Thanksgiving--it was also the announcement of Bionicle's end. Hmmm, didn't I write something about that before? Yeah, yeah I did, and it still seems appropriate now. So here it is again, from 2009's Thanksgiving-related entry, All Things Come to an End:


As a fan who was there at the beginning, who watched the dawn of Bionicle and reveled in its mythic light, I can say that I am fully satisfied as it comes to an end. Bionicle has had a long and excellent run, and its tenth anniversary is a fitting time to bring things to a close. I look back over the entirety of the universe that Lego has created for us, and I can say that all the little things that irked me in the past cannot shine as bright as the things that enthralled and inspired me.

There was a time when I spent a great deal of effort and energy raging against the great problems and failures and mistakes that I perceived in the storyline of Bionicle. It bugged me. I wrote books of mental criticism in my head about how the storyline should have happened, how it could have been done better, how the magic of the first years of Bionicle could have been preserved! But no! The story team was too callous--they didn't listen. It was all ruined, and I had to just move on.

But as time passed, I realized that all these things that had built up ultimately did not matter. They didn't take away from the underlying themes that drew me to Bionicle and kept me there. In fact, they were mostly all superficial, and even if they were a part of the "official" storyline, they didn't have to be a part of my imagination. That is what has kept me an avid fan for nearly a decade--the fact that, as a fan, I don't have to follow the canon absolutely. This is a pretty simplistic idea, that one can simply ignore those elements of the storyline that one dislikes. But the thing that truly brought this home to me was the realization that the "foundations" of Bionicle that I love were not touched by these "bad things", even if I don't ignore them.

The themes are still there. The same themes of Good vs. Evil, the same cosmic struggle of powers, the same inner struggle within an individual: to give in to the flawed evil within us all, or to follow Morality.
And, most importantly: the struggle to regain the good that was lost through deception. The Toa strive to awaken their Great Spirit and return their microscosmic universe to its original, if flawed, state and purpose, while in the macrocosmic universe Mata Nui must ultimately seek to repair Paradise: Spherus Magna.

What is the reason for pointing out these things? Perhaps simply to illustrate why I am not one of those fans who will inevitably say "Oh, I'm glad it's finally over." Those who have been jaded by all the "problems" that they perceive. Honestly, I've seen enough of that tripe written here, and it annoys me to no end. As if the people who say such things are so high up on their pedestals as to look down on the thing that they enjoyed so immensely in the past and say "Good riddance!" Really? Is that really what you want? How pathetic. What is your motivation? I don't deny that there are certainly missed opportunities galore in the Bionicle storyline, but these pale in comparison to the bigger picture.

But enough of that. The real reason for this entry was to look back over the entire body of the Bionicle storyline and remember all the aspects that attracted me at the beginning, and to marvel at how I will remember the good far longer than any of the bad. It is remarkable that the truly mythological elements--that mysterious atmosphere that drew me and so many other fans to the line in the first place--is ultimately preserved if one goes over the storyline in summary form, perhaps because that feeling was never actually gone. I suppose it's also fitting, then that this announcement (and thus, this entry) comes at Thanksgiving.

Thanks, Bionicle. Thanks for a decade of memories. I'm glad I'm still here, here at the end of all things...




...Sorry, I just couldn't resist.



Thanks (!) for reading. I know I know, re-quoting an old entry is pretty much the laziest thing ever, but I think it works here. And I still have a lot of important eating to do, so I couldn't spend that much time on this. We good? Good.

JRRT


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Das Problem

Posted by Tolkien , in Life Nov 04 2011 · 98 views
frustration
Problem: All the research on your paper topic is in German.

Solution: Learn quickly.

JRRT


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Learning Matoran: Lesson 5

Posted by Tolkien , in Matoran Language, Language and Etymology Oct 30 2011 · 807 views
Language, Matoran Language and 1 more...
Hi folks. It's been a terribly long count of years (months), but I'm still, here, writing this stuff. I think it helps keep me sane. . .Whatever the case, if you're here to read this new lesson on the Matoran Language, it might do to read up on some of the older stuff. I don't know, maybe like the previous four lessons?

Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4

And now that that it's all fresh in your mind, move on to Lesson Five: Pronouns I:

=l Pronouns I l=



Matoran pronouns have much the same function as they do in English: they replace nouns, serving as the subject or object of a sentence, and fulfill most of the roles played by nouns. Consequently, Matoran pronouns are modified for the same functions that nouns are: Case, Motion, and Time/Location.

However, the current means of modification is through inflection, rather than a particle system. Although pronouns were previously modified by particles, these particles have since become “eroded,” in a sense, and have now developed new pronoun forms.

Pronouns and Case:

Pronouns are inflected for the same three-fold case system of Nominative (Subject), Objective (Object), and Genitive (Possessive).

Now, in English, whereas nouns function in these roles by their Word Order in a sentence, pronouns also have the extra feature of inflection. For example, the Nominative (Subject) form of the first person pronoun is “I”, while the Objective (Object) form is “me” and the Genitive (Possessive) form is “my”. These characteristics manifest in the other persons as well. Third person Nom. “he/she/it”, Acc. “him/her/it”, Gen. “his/her/its”. Second person Nom. “you”, Gen. “your”, etc.

Matoran features a similar—if a bit more complex—structure, with pronouns being marked for the various cases and numbers (singular or plural). As with nouns, we’ll start off with the Case Pronouns:

-Nominative:

As is the case with all the pronouns, there are three Persons: first, second, and third. These come in singular and plural forms, the plurals being historically formed from the singulars by a particle -ee, which has since been assimilated to the pronoun stem. There is also a "fourth" person, which is the equivalent of English "one," as in "One is bored when one has nothing to do." This is classified as the "impersonal" subject and has no plural form.

Here are the forms of the nominative pronouns, beginning with the singulars:

1 o – “I”
2 oa – “you”
3 ia, ai – “he/she/it”
4 hua – “one”

Now the plurals:

1 oe, u – “we”
2 ue – “you (pl.), you all”
3 ie – “they”

These pronoun forms are usually placed directly before or after the verb, regardless of the verb’s position in the sentence. This is a pretty strict placement rule.

-Objective:

Next, the objective case forms. Historically the singulars were formed with the addition of a particle aak-. The plurals were formed by a combination of the ee particle and the addition of the n-prefix from the nounal case particles.

Singular:

1 ako – “me”
2 akoa – “you”
3 akia, akai – “him/her/it”
4 ahua – “one”

Plurals:

1 ngoe, ngu – “us”
2 ngue – “you (pl.), you all”
3 ngie – “them”

-Genitive:

Lastly, the genitive pronouns. Singulars are formed with the addition of the genitive particle ui (which you should recognize from the general nounal particles). Plurals are formed by the further addition of plural ee and the n-prefix (with subsequent assimilation):

Singular:

1 uio – “my”
2 uikoa – “your”
3 uikia, uikai – “his/her/its”
4 uihua – “one’s”

Plural:

1 moe, mu – “our”
2 mue – “your (pl.)”
3 mie – “their”

Genitives are placed after the nouns they modify in the same way that genitive-case nouns are.

-Usage and Examples:

The usage of the different cases with respect to pronouns is the same as with nouns. Thus, nominative pronouns are used as subjects, objectives are used as direct or indirect objects, and genitives are used to show possession. I will now offer some examples of these different cases forms:

Ia teryo ea matoran.
He/she/it attacked the Matoran.”

Teryo i rahi uikia akia.
His/her/its Rahi attacked him/her/it.

O kanna wo wahi a.
I went through the region.”

Na oro orakhe oa.
You will say words.”

Matoran akia kharmo.
“The/a Matoran made it.

Oe kamo ii koro uio.
We went toward my village.”

Na kanohi moe kharmo ie.
They made our Kanohi (pl.).”

[Note once again that the word order is not crucial in these examples (except for the placement of genitive pronouns, of course): it is the case inflection that determines the role of a noun or pronoun in the sentence.]

This concludes the discussion of case for pronouns. Still to come: Time/Location Particles on Nouns, Motion/Time/Location and Pronouns, Adjectives. Stay tuned.

JRRT


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Ssc8 Entry

Posted by Tolkien , in Writing?? Oct 29 2011 · 151 views
SSC8, Contest and 1 more...
Extremely boring entry title and hey, we're back.

Felt sufficiently inspired to write an entry for the SSC8, and did so.

It's called The Coming of the Toa. Bionicle comic #1 is its namesake (as per the requirements of the contest).

Just some background on the story: This was a bit of a foray into an idea I've had for a long time--sort of an alternate story for Bionicle, exploring how things might have turned out. . .differently. As you'll be able to tell from reading it (and I always appreciate it if you read it!), the scenes are overwhelmingly inspired by material from MNOG--especially the "vision" of the Legend of Mata Nui. That scene was so instrumental in formulating Bionicle mythology for me. . .I've never forgotten it. I still go back and watch it sometimes. Ah, good times.

So, the moral of this entry is: read the story, maybe; enjoy it, maybe; comment on/critique it, maybe. I'd appreciate all of the above. Thanks.

JRRT


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I've Been In This Hole For How Long?!

Posted by Tolkien , Oct 26 2011 · 109 views
And we're back.
Hello people,

Wow. It's been so long I can hardly remember what BZP looked like. In fact, now that it's back, everything seems new and strange...

Oh wait. It is.

Well, for better or for worse, I suppose. This new forum isn't all that bad, actually. Much shinier, much faster, if a bit bland. Hopefully in time we can get some of that old BZP feel/look/style back. I'm kind of a sucker for nostalgia that way. You know?

So yeah that's my return announcement/new forum reaction. Seems they're all the rage nowadays.

Good to be back.

JRRT


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= A Matoran Dictionary: Volume I I, M - Z =

Posted by Tolkien , in Language and Etymology, Matoran Language Apr 22 2011 · 1,116 views
Language and Etymology

A Dictionary and Etymology of the Matoran Language

=l Volume II l=

Compiled by Ihu, Scholar of Metru Nui, k. 79908. This volume continues with entries M through Z.

-M-

mahri, n. ocean
m(a)i, adv. up, above, over [From the stem *maeh "up, above, over"]
maima, v. to rise (base-stem) [From the stem *maeh "up above, over" with addition of the general verbal suffix -ma]
maita¹, n. brain [From the ancient stem maet "mind, thought" with addition of the nounal suffix -ta, denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning, and with development of the ancient diphthong ae > ai]
maita², adj. mental, of the mind [Originally maihta, the word eventually merged in form with the earlier maita¹ (see entry). It derives from the ancient stem maet "mind, thought" with addition of the adjectival suffix -ha, and with development of the ancient diphthong ae > ai]
mai(h)te, adj. intelligent, mindful, reasoned [From the ancient stem maet "mind, thought" with addition of the adjectival suffix -he "having" and with development of the ancient diphthong ae > ai]
Makuta, n. cmpnd. Master of Knowledge [From elements ma- "master, user of" and kuta "knowledge"]
manas, n. monster, fearful thing
Mana-ko, n. cmpnd silent monster [From older Manasko]
manta, v. to create (base-stem) [From the element man (see entry mat) and the general verbal suffix -ta]
mareno, n. (the) West [Apparently derived from an older stem mairee- (which eventually produces our modern term mirehe "arm"), in conjunction with the ancient elemental stem (o)noi, referencing the element of Protodermis.The term follows a trend in the derivation of "location-words" in which the words for the cardinal points originate from terms for parts of the body. See related entries metiono "north", merhono "east", and wareno "south" for further discussion]
mat (ma-), n. user, master, creator [etymology uncertain; it is believed that mat first originated as *maa but this is not definitively attested; also appears as man]
Mata, n. lit. Master of All [Used only in reference to the Great Spirit; mata is formed of the element mat "master, user" and the ancient intensive suffix -a]
matatu, n.cmpnd. master/user of the mind [From the elements mat "master, user" and atu "mind, will"]
mator(o), n. cmpnd. word master, a master of words [From the two elements ma(t) "master (of)" and oro "word(s)"]
Matoran, n. lit. word-master-beings, generalized as "speakers", "those who speak" [From the older matoroan, it is formed from the element mator(o) "word master" and the suffix -an "being, individual"]
matya, v. to master, use (ya-stem) [From the element mat "master, user" and the verbal suffix -ya]
mau(h)te, adj. changed, altered [From the ancient stem maut "change, difference" with addition of the adjectival suffix -he "having"]
mautur, n. ruin, distortion [From the ancient stem maut "change, difference" with addition of the negative suffix -uur, denoting an opposite meaning; the term originally meant "idleness" or "stagnation", but later took on the meaning of a similar word mutak "ruin, distortion", eventually supplanting the term and losing the historical meaning]
mautye, n. change, modification; mutation [From the ancient stem maut "change, difference" with addition of the nounal suffix -hye, denoting a generally universal concept; also found as the more modern muhtye, with development of diphthong au > u]
merhono, n. (the) East [Apparently derived from an older stem mairee- (which eventually produces our modern term mirehe "arm"), in conjunction with the ancient elemental stem (o)noi, referencing the element of Protodermis. This origin is identical with the related term mareno "west", differing only in the combination of the two elements (merhono showing the gradual prevalence of the onoi element, whereas mareno shows the opposite). The term again demonstrates the usual convention by which the names of the cardinal points all originate from terms for parts of the body. See related entries metiono "north", mareno "west", and wareno "south" for further discussion]
metii, n. head [From the ancient stem maet "mind, thought" with addition of the nounal suffix -hii "thing, place" and with development of the ancient diphthong ae > e]
metineye, n. cmpnd canopy; lit. "tree-head" [Composed of the noun metii "head" and a contracted form of ihneye "tree"]
metirui, n. neck; lit. "head joint" [Composed of the elements metii "head" and -rui "joint" (see entry)]
met(i)ono, n. (the) North [Apparently derived from an older form of the stem met-, at the time meaning "mind" or "head", in conjunction with the ancient elemental stem (o)noi, referencing the element of Protodermis. There is still debate over the exact motivation for the derivation of this term, although some have proposed that it is related to the location of the city of Metru Nui in the north of the world, the term metru sharing the same or similar etymology (from the ancient stem maet "mind, thought"); also see related entries mareno "west", merhono "east", and wareno "south", all of which seem to be derived from terms for parts of the body]
metru, n. city [etymology uncertain; it appears that metru originated from the ancient stem maet "mind, thought" with obscure suffix -uu (which may signify a place embodying a concept), eventually becoming -ru with loss of preceding diphthong ae. It is unclear why a term for a city originated from such a stem; however, this could be explained by the fact that maet may have developed from the older hypothetical stem *maa (see entry mat), connecting its meaning with the early construction of a city. There is no considerable consensus on this (or the preceding) interpretation.]
metye, n. mind, intellect [From the ancient stem maet "mind, thought" with addition of the nounal suffix -hye and with development of the ancient diphthong ae > e]
mirehe, n. arm [Historically composed of the adjectival element mai- "up, upper" and the word reehe "limb, appendage"]
mirehovo, n. cmpnd. wrist [A compound formed from the elements mirehe "arm" and -ovo "end, finish"]
misso, n. mist, fog [Formed from the stem miis "mysterious, unkown" with addition of the suffix -o denoting a substance or physical concept; also appears as a variant form miswe with alternate suffix -we]
missu, adj. unknown, mysterious [From the stem miis "mysterious, unkown" with addition of the adjectival suffix -u]
miswe; see entry misso
misye, n. mysteriousness, (the) Unknown [From the stem mis "mysterious, hidden, unknown" with addition of the suffix -hye, denoting a universal concept; also found as mishe in southern and eastern dialects, with common dialectal shift of sy > sh]
mo, n. field, plain, country
moa, n. lit. of the plains; plains-dweller, desert bird [Historically moha, from the elements mo "plain, country" and the adjectival suffix -ha "of the…"]
mora, n. wilderness, wild country; landscape [From the elements mo "field, plain, country" and ra "wild untamed"]
motara, n. desert; hot, barren region [Historically a triple-compound formed from the elements mo "field, country", ta "fire, hot", and ra "wild, untamed"]
mua, n. rahi cat, tiger
mudra, n. changer (one who changes things) [Historically mutra, it originates from the ancient stem maut "change, difference" with addition of the agental suffix -ra and with usual later development of diphthong au > u; complementary to the similar word munna (see entry)]
muhtye; see entry mautye
mukai, v. to ruin, distort (ai-stem) [Historically derived from the ya-stem verb mutya through analogy of the archaic stem mutak, forming the hypothetical form *mutakya (with insertion of -ak into the stem), eventually developing into the form mukaya and thence to mukai]
munna, n. changer (one who changes) [From the ancient stem maut "change, difference" with addition of the agental suffix -na and with usual later development of diphthong au > u; complementary to the similar word mudra (see entry)]
mutaku, adj. ruined, distorted, disparate [Originally derived from an archaic stem mutak "ruin, distortion" (now unused, supplanted by more recent mautur (see entry)) with addition of the general adjectival suffix -u]
mutu, adj. different, unlike [From the ancient stem maut "change, difference" with addition of the adjectival suffix -u and with usual later development of diphthong au > u]
mutya, v. to change (ya-stem) [From the ancient stem maut "change, difference" with addition of the verbal suffix -ya and with usual later development of diphthong au > u]

-N-

neh, n. plant-life element [Originally nei; also realized as the adjectival prefix ne-]
neto, n. leaf [Derived from a stem (e)net, modified form of the elemental root nei, with addition of the nounal suffix -o "physical concept"]
nekua, adv. thus, so, in that way [etymology uncertain]
nenu, n. grass [etymology uncertain]
nenu-leru, n. cmpnd acid grass [A term for the species of acid grass found in the Northern Continent and in the island of Xia, it is composed of the noun nenu "grass" and the adjective leru "acidic"]
neo, n. nature; the Green [Originally from the ancient elemental root nei "elemental plant-life" with addition of the nounal suffix -o "physical concept"; also found as ny in southern dialects (with shift of diphthong eo > y). Translation of the term as "the Green" stems from the similarity of the modern form of the word to other color-words derived from elemental stems (cf. leo "green")]
neto-kaatuhi, n. cmpnd. petal; lit. "flower-leaf" [Composed of the elements neto "leaf" and kaatuhi "flower"]
neye, n. plant [Modified from the ancient elemental root nei "elemental plant-life"]
nohi, n. (outer) face, mask [Used by mask-makers to refer to the powerless Matoran mask; nohi comes from the ancient form noihii, which, in turn, is formed from the ancient elements -hii "thing, object" and noi, the elemental word for the substance of Protodermis. Thus, nohi may, historically, be rendered as "thing of Protodermis"]
noiwe; see entry noyo
noka, n. disk [A more modern addition to the Matoran lexicon, noka is formed from the elements noe "elemental protodermis" and ka "power, ability" to have the historical meaning of "power of protodermis". (see entry kanoka for further historical notes)]
noyo, n. body [Derived from the ancient stem onoi, with the repurposing of the initial o as a suffix]
nui, adj. great, powerful
nuva, adj. new
nuyorho, n. mountain range [Originates as a conjunction of the word (o)nuyo "mountain" and the suffix/prefix rho "line, edge"]

-O/Y-

ohama, v. to come, move toward (base-stem) [Formed from the older verb kama "to move", with addition of the prefix o(h)-, denoting that the action is turned inward]
okune, n. (a) silence, pause, rest [From the element koh "elemental ice (also connoting 'silence' and 'calm')" with addition of the circumfix o-…-hi construction, denoting "an instance/object within the concept of the stem"; the development of the theoretical historical form *okoohi into the modern form okune occurs according to a process by which the -hi suffix, in the presence of a preceding "back" consonant sound (in this case k), is strengthened to -ne, while the historically long vowel oo is raised to u due to the effect of the original -hi]
onkoro, n. cliff [Derived from the word koro in combination with the elemental earth prefix onu-; also appears as a variant onkorwe with suffix -we "physical concept"]
onkoro-nui, n. cmpnd. the Great Barrier [composed of the noun onkoro "cliff" and the adjective nui "great, mighty, vast"]
onkorwe; see entry onkoro
(o)nuiwe, n. mountain [Originates from the ancient elemental stem onue "elemental earth" with addition of the stem iih "high, high up" and the nounal suffix -we "physical substance/concept" [onue-iih-we > onuih-we > onuiwe]. Synonyms: (o)nuyo, ino-nui]
(o)nuyo, n. mountain [Originates from the ancient elemental stem onue "elemental earth" with addition of the stem iih "high, high up" and the nounal suffix -o "physical substance/concept" [onue-iih-o > onuih-o > onuio]. Synonyms: (o)nuiwe, ino-nui]
onne, n. solidness, steadfastness, loyalty; stubbornness [A very ancient word derived from the element onu "elemental earth (also connoting 'solidness' and 'loyalty')" with addition of the general nounal suffix -e]
on(o)to, n. tool, instrument; weapon [From the older form ono "tool, weapon, implement" (etymology uncertain), with further addition of the suffix -to, also indicating a tool or implement; the stem ono is possibly descended from an older form *hno, similar in shape to the hypothetical stem *hro, see entry oro]
ono-vawe, n. cmpnd. island [A compound of the elements ono "elemental protodermis" (derived from the ancient stem (o)noi) and vawe "foundation" (see entry). Synonyms: pauhi, pa-nui, vawe]
(o)nuh, n. elemental earth [Originally (o)nue; also realized as nu, nuu, and as the adjectival prefix onu-]
onwo, adj. black [Originally from an augmented form of onue "elemental earth" with addition of the usual adjectival color-suffix -o]
opahi, n. (a) stone, rock [From the element pah "elemental stone" with addition of the circumfix o-…-hi construction, denoting "an instance/object within the concept of the stem"]
oraha, v. to say, speak (base-stem) [Consists of the verbal stem ora, which is in turn derived from the older stem of oro "word" with addition of the verbal suffix -ha]
yraha, v. to tell, relate (base-stem) [Originally derived from the older verb oraha "to say, speak", with addition of the prefix e- (forming the archaic eoraha), denoting that the action is turned outward; it then exhibits the development of the diphthong eo > y in initial position]
oran, n. word being, being(s) who use words (language) [Used as a reference to those races throughout the universe who speak with language, Matoran or otherwise; oran (older oroan) is formed from the element oro "word" and the suffix -an "being, individual" with eventual absorption of the -o in oro.]
oro, n. word [etymology uncertain; possibly descended from a stem *hro]
oturhe, n. (a) fear, fright [From the word tur " fear, cowardice" (older tuur) with addition of the circumfix o-…-hi construction, denoting "an instance/object within the concept of the stem"]
ovahi, n. (a) time, instance, moment [Used in reference to a specific point in time; it is formed from the elemental word vae, with addition of the circumfix o-…-hi construction, denoting "an instance/object within the concept of the stem", so "a specific point within the concept of time"]
ozahi, n. violent act, crime [From the element zaa "retribution, conflict, violence" with addition of the circumfix o-…-hi construction, denoting "an instance/object within the concept of the stem"]

-P-

paavelta, n. cmpnd. lit. luminous stone; lightstone [Originates from the elements pao "elemental stone" (see entry poh) and the archaic word aavelta "luminous, shining thing" (itself formed from the element aavel "shining, luminous" and the suffix -ta, denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning)]
pah; see entry poh
paka, n. strength, hardness [Physically, denotes the strength of a physical object or individual, but metaphorically paka can refer to a hard or stern personality; paka is formed from the elements pa "elemental stone" and aka "power, ability" to have a literal, historical, meaning of "power of stone"]
palneh, n. trunk; lit. "hard stem" [Contracted from an older compound pal-eneh "hard stem"]
palnehu, adj. woody [Derived from the older compound pal-eneh "hard stem (trunk)" with addition of the general adjectival suffix -u]
palnewe, n. wood [Derived from the older compound pal-eneh "hard stem (trunk)" with addition of the nounal suffix -we "substance"]
pa-nui, n. cmpnd. island [Composed of a variant of the ancient elemental stem pao "elemental stone" and the adjective nui "great, mighty". Synonyms: pauhi, vawe, ono-vawe]
pauhi, n. island [Derived from the ancient elemental stem pao "elemental stone" with addition of nounal suffix -hii "thing, place". Synonyms: vawe, ono-vawe, pa-nui]
pawo, adj. brown [Originally from an augmented form of pao "elemental stone" with addition of the usual adjectival color-suffix -o]
piraka, n. cmpnd lit. "agent of evil"; (obscenity) a thief or murderer [Formed from the elements piir "perpetrator, agent of" and -raka "great destruction, evil" (from -rak and older intensifier -a)]
pire, n. perpetrator, agent; participant [From the stem pir (older piir) with addition of the general nounal suffix -e]
poh, n. elemental stone [Originally pao, still attested in some rare cases; also realized as pah and as the adjectival prefix po-]
pura, n. friend, companion [From the stem pu (originally from the elemental po) "friendly, pleasant" with addition of the agental suffix -ra]

-R-

ra, 1 adj. wild, free, untamed; 2 n. wildness, freedom [An extremely ancient word element applied mostly to animate things, it has inherently both nounal and adjectival properties which have never been separated into distinctly different words; historically raa]
rahi, n. wild thing/creature [Formed from the element ra "wild" and the suffix -hii "thing"; historically raahii.]
rama, n. flying rahi insect
rau, n. understanding, translation, decipherment [Originates from the stem oro "word" (see entry)]
raura, n. teacher; translator, "understander" [Derived from the word rau "understanding, decipherment" (originally from the older oro "word") with addition of the agental suffix -ra]
reehe, n. limb, branch; appendage [Probably from a stem like *(e)ree (modified from the ancient stem raa "wild, chaotic, deviant"), signifying "divergence" or "branching off", also with addition of the suffix -hii "thing, object, place"]
rehovo, n. cmpnd. foot; lit. "end of limb" [A compound formed from the elements reehe "limb" and ovo "end, finish"; also found as an alternate form warehe-ovo, with more modern warehe "leg"]
rhot(t)u, n. ring, wheel [Historically rhoktu, from the stem rho(k) "ring, circle, edge" with addition of the nounal suffix -tu, denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning]
rhovawe, n. shore, shoreline [Composed of the element vawe "foundation, basis, island" and the suffix/prefix rho "line, edge, circle"]
rho(we)-nuyo, n. cmpnd. mountain range [Composed of the elements rho(we) "line, edge" (with nounal suffix -we "physical concept") and nuyo "mountain"]
rodye; see entry rohte
rohte, n. truth, reality [From older rotohye, originally from the older stem rot(o) (augmented from the stem oro, see entry), with addition of the suffix -hye, denoting a generally universal concept; also attested as rodye]
rui(hi), n. joint [etymology uncertain; possibly derived from an earlier modification of the ancient stem form raa "wild, chaotic, deviant", with a reversal of the meaning (thus "together, converging, united, etc.")]
rui-mirehe, n. cmpnd shoulder [A compound formed from the elements mirehe "arm" and rui "joint"]
rui-rehovo, n. cmpnd toe-joint [A compound formed from the elements rehovo "foot" and rui "joint"]
rui-warehe, n. cmpnd hip [A compound formed from the elements warehe "leg" and rui "joint"]

-S-

sa(a), conj. and [A conjunction used to connect words of the same type (noun-noun, verb-verb, etc.)]
suva, n. shrine, gathering place

-T-

tah, n. elemental fire [Also has connotations of courage, bravery, and leadership; originally tae, still attested in some rare cases; also found as the adjectival prefix ta-]
tai¹, n. courage, bravery, leadership [From the elemental word tah (older tae) with addition of the general nounal suffix -i; the term merged at an early point with the adjectival form taii (see entry tai²); also see synonomous term aki]
tai², adj. brave, courageous, bold [From the elemental word tah (older tae) with addition of the adjectival suffix -ii (*taeii > taii > tai)
taka, n. light, illumination [Can refer more to the light of a fire or a torch, thereby also carrying the connotation of "leading" or "revealing", as the light of a torch reveals the way]
takea, n. all-king (honorific) [The etymology of this term is at once simple and obscure. This is primarily because of its usage: the term takea can be used as an honorific of great respect, denoting mastery and power, but it is also used as the name of the Rahi Takea Shark. This dual usage has resulted in a double meaning of sorts, since, as the name of a Rahi, it is used to mean "king of sharks". The constructions used for this latter meaning are the elemental prefix ta-, denoting authority and leadership, and the word kea "rahi shark". However, in its primary (or historical) usage, takea can be traced back to the ancient word aki "leader, lord" with the intensive suffix -ea (historically -eaa). This forms the term akea, which, combined again with the prefix ta-, yields the "all-king" honorific. Because of this variety in meaning, it may perhaps be simpler to classify both words as completely separate.]
tea(-o), adj. red, fiery [Originally from an augmented form of tae "elemental fire" with addition of the usual adjectival color-suffix -o]
ter(e)na, n. keeper, guider [From the obscure ancient word form ter(e)n "guidance, direction, purpose" with addition of the agental suffix -na]
terenhe, adj. purposeful, meaningful [From the obscure ancient word form ter(e)n "guidance, direction, purpose" with addition of the adjectival suffix -he "having"]
terenye, n. guidance, direction, purpose [From the obscure ancient word form ter(e)n "guidance, direction, purpose" with addition of the suffix -hye, denoting a generally universal concept]
terma, v. to guide (base-stem) [From the obscure ancient word form ter(e)n "guidance, direction, purpose" with addition of the general verbal suffix -ma]
terne, n. intention, goal [From the obscure ancient word form ter(e)n "guidance, direction, purpose" with addition of the general nounal suffix -e]
terya, v. to influence, persuade (ya-stem) [Simplified from older tereya; it originates from the obscure ancient word form ter(e)n "guidance, direction, purpose" with addition of the general verbal suffix -ya (terenya > tereya > terya)]
tika, n. spirit, form, shape
tur, n. fear, terror, cowardice [A perversion of the elemental word tae with addition of the negative suffix -uur]

-U-

ua-eneh, n. cmpnd root; lit. "under-stem" [Composed of the adjectival element ua- "down, lower, under" and the word eneh "stem"]
ua(h), adv. down, beneath, under [etymology uncertain]
uama, v. to descend, go down; drop (base-stem)
ussa, n. steed [etymology uncertain]
usya, v. to ride (ya-stem)

-V-

vah, n. elemental time [Originally vae, still attested in some rare cases]
vahye, n. Time [Used in reference to Time as a universal concept, in contrast to the elemental concept, represented by vah; it is formed originally from the elemental word vae with the addition of the suffix -hye, denoting a universal concept]
vau, adj. treacherous, dangerous [From the stem bwa "treacherous, trickery" with addition of the adjectival suffix -u and with usual change of bw > v; also found as a place name Fau, with de-voicing of initial consonant characteristic to Le-Matoran dialects]
vawe, [i]n.[/i] foundation, basis; island [From the stem [i]vu(a)[/i] "source, beginning" with addition of the nounal suffix [i]-we[/i], denoting a physical substance or concept embodying the stem meaning ([i]vuawe > vaawe > vawe[/i]); also see entry [i]ono-vawe[/i] "island"]
vawe-nui, [i]n. cmpnd.[/i] continent, large landmass [Composed of the nounal element [i]vawe[/i] "foundation, island" and the adjective [i]nui[/i] "great, vast, mighty"]
vike , [i]n.[/i] edge, sharp edge [[i]etymology uncertain[/i]; possibly related to the adjectival prefix [i]vi-[/i] "narrow, fine"]
vikuino [i]n. cmpnd.[/i] ravine, crevasse, narrow valley [Composed of the element [i]ku-ino[/i] "valley" and the prefix [i]vi-[/i] "narrow"]
visso, [i]n.[/i] venom, poison [From the stem [i]viis[/i] "poison, venom" with addition of the nounal suffix [i]-o[/i], denoting a physical substance; also found as [i]viswe[/i] with alternate suffix [i]-we[/i]]
vissu, [i]adj.[/i] venomous, poisonous, deadly [From the stem [i]viis[/i] "poison, venom" with addition of the general adjectival suffix [i]-u[/i]]
viswe; see entry [i]visso[/i]
voake, [i]n.[/i] greed, gluttony [From the stem [i]bwo[/i] "hunger, need, consumption" with addition of the abstract, negative suffix [i]-ak[/i] (with usual development of [i]-ak > -ake[/i] in vowel-final, monosyllabic stems); also [i]voage[/i]]
voakhe, [i]adj.[/i] greedy, gluttonous [From the original form [i]voak[/i] (see entry [i]voake[/i]) with addition of the adjectival suffix [i]-he[/i] "having"]
vohye, [i]n.[/i] hunger, appetite; desire, need [From the stem [i]bwo[/i] "hunger, need, consumption" with addition of the suffix [i]-hye[/i], denoting a universal concept]
voita, [i]n.[/i] end, completion, termination [Derived from a stem [i]voe[/i] "end, finish, completion" with addition of the nounal suffix [i]-ta[/i] "concept embodying stem meaning"]
vuana, [i]n.[/i] founder, beginner [From the stem [i]vu(a)[/i] "source, beginning" with addition of the agental suffix [i]-na[/i]; synonomous with the term [i]vuara[/i] (see entry)]
vu(a)neye, [i]n.[/i] seed, spore; lit. "plant-source" [Contracted from an older compound [i]vua-neye[/i]]
vuara, [i]n.[/i] founder, beginner [From the stem [i]vu(a)[/i] "source, beginning" with addition of the agental suffix [i]-ra[/i]; synonomous with the term [i]vuana[/i] (see entry)]
vuata, [i]n.[/i] source, beginning [From the stem [i]vu(a)[/i] "source, beginning" with addition of the nounal suffix [i]-ta[/i], denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning]
vuneye-nenu, [i]n. cmpnd.[/i] fern; lit. "spore-grass" [Composed of the elements [i]vuneye[/i] "seed, spore" and [i]nenu[/i] "grass"]
vurenye, [i]n.[/i] Destiny [Historically a compound of the stem [i]vu(a)[/i] "source, beginning" and the older word [i]terenye[/i] "guidance, purpose" ([i]vuaterenye > vuatrenye > vurenye[/i]); also realized as the more archaic compound [i]ter(e)vua[/i]]

-W-

wa, [i]adj.[/i] wide open, great, large [Historically [i]waa[/i]]
wahi, [i]n.[/i] region, place [From the elements [i]wa[/i] (historically [i]waa[/i]) "wide open, large" and [i]-hii[/i] "place, thing"]
wanoyo, [i]n.[/i] chest [From the elements [i]wa[/i] "wide" and [i]noyo[/i] "body, torso"]
warehe, [i]n.[/i] leg [Historically composed of the adjectival element [i]ua-[/i] "down, lower" (eventually contracting to [i]wa-[/i]) and the word [i]reehe[/i] "limb, appendage"]
wareh(e)ki, [i]n.[/i] shin [Derived historically from the word [i]warehe[/i] "leg" with the suffix [i]-ki(i)[/i] "part, piece of". The term is more modern than [i]warehe[/i], since at the time of its derivation the [i]-hii[/i] suffix in [i]warehe[/i] (older [i]wareehii[/i]) had already been retracted to [i]-he[/i] [ua-ree-hii > wareehii > warehe-kii > wareheki]]
warehe-ovo; see entry [i]rehovo[/i]
wareno, [i]n.[/i] (the) South [Apparently derived from an older stem [i]uaree-[/i] (which eventually produces our modern term [i]warehe[/i] "leg"), in conjunction with the ancient elemental stem [i](o)noi[/i], referencing the element of Protodermis, exhibiting the general convention of deriving "location-words" from terms for parts of the body. See related entries [i]metiono[/i] "north", [i]merhono[/i] "east", and [i]mareno[/i] "west" for a more thorough discussion]

-Y-

yehe, [i]n.[/i] back, side; surface [Originally a development from an older form [i]ike-[/i] (from which is also derived the grammatical particle [i]ihe[/i] "before, behind") with addition of the nounal suffix [i]-hii[/i]; frequently appears as a prefix [i]ye-[/i] in compounds]
yehonu, [i]n. cmpnd[/i] slope, incline, hill-side [Composed of the noun [i]yehe[/i] "side" and the ancient stem [i]onu[/i] "elemental earth", here used to represent "hill, mountain"]
yemetii, [i]n. cmpnd[/i] back of head [Composed of the initial element [i]ye-[/i] "back, rear, side" and the word [i]metii[/i] "head" (see entry)]
yenoyo, [i]n. cmpnd[/i] back, spine [Composed of the initial element [i]ye-[/i] "back, rear, side" and the word [i]noyo[/i] "body" (see entry)]
yerehovo, [i]n. cmpnd[/i] heel [Composed of the initial element [i]ye-[/i] "back, rear, side" and the word [i]rehovo[/i] "foot" (see entry)]

-Z-

zya, [i]v.[/i] (archaic) to attack (ya-stem) [A highly archaic term, usually supplanted by the more modern [i]ezai[/i] (see entry); historically it originates from the stem [i]zaa[/i], with a meaning of "violence" or "retribution", and the addition of the verbal suffix [i]-ya[/i] ([i]*zaya > zya[/i])]

Here ends the Dictionary.

...whew.

JRRT



Photo

= A Matoran Dictionary: Volume I, A - L =

Posted by Tolkien , in Matoran Language, Language and Etymology, Bionicle Apr 22 2011 · 1,408 views
matoran language
[Bump'd, 4/21/11. Because I wanted to. So there.]

[Wouldn't you know it: I go to add new material to this, and it tells me I've reached the limit for a blog entry. So be it. I've thus split this "dictionary" into two "volumes" (because "volume" just sounds so much more important).
In terms of describing the content of this "update": I've added around 120-130 new entries in all, in addition to modifying and revising older entries. Most of the words have to do with plants, landforms, colors, and the Matoran body. So enjoy, if you will. I know I did.]



=ll=

A Dictionary and Etymology of the Matoran Language

=l Volume I l=

As inscribed by the Scholar Ihu of the Knowledge Tower Oroko in Ko-Metru in the Great City of Metru Nui.

This record being written in the ninth century of the Golden Age of Metru Nui: the year 79908 since the Beginning and the Time of the Great Beings.

Prefatory Notes:
The organization of this dictionary is according to the order of the first letter of the Matoran word, in the sequence in which these letters appear in the Alphabet of the Matoran. Thus Volume I begins with those words which start with A and continues until L, while Volume II begins with M and continues to Z.
Each entry gives a description of the basic meaning and classification of a word, followed by a more thorough explanation of the word's usage, as well as its etymological history, form, and development. Those words whose etymologies are uncertain are labeled as such.

-A-

aan, n. being, individual [etymology uncertain; also used as the name for the letter a]
aavel¹, n. brightness, shining [Derived from the elemental word avo "elemental light"; it originates from an ancient stem modification involving the suffix -li and the reduplication of the stem vowel as a prefix, forming the hypothetical form *aavoli, eventually to aaveli, with usual vowel change of o > e and eventual loss of -i, finally becoming aavel]
aavel², adj. bright, shining, luminous [Originates as an adjectival form of the noun aavel¹ (see entry); used frequently in compounds]
aka, n. power, ability [An independent augmented form of the original element ka (see entry ka)]
akaku, n. cmpnd. the power of vision [From the elements aka "power, ability" and aku "sight, vision"]
aki, n. courage, bravery, ambition; (honorific) leader, lord [Historically a conjunction of the semantic suffix -ak, at the time meaning something like "active" or "intensified" (although now it has come to have negative connotations), and the general nounal suffix -i; basically synonomous with the term tai (see entry)]
aku, n. sight, vision
akuavo, n. sun, star; title of one of the twin suns of Metru Nui [Originates as a conjunction of the ancient elemental stem avoi "light" and the term aku "sight, vision". The word's usage as a title for one of the twin suns in the city of Metru Nui is probably historically based upon the fact that vision is given through light (as in the light of the eyes of the Matoran), and more colloquially upon the idea that the twin suns somehow represent the "eyes of Mata Nui", an idea which is afforded very little credence by the educated community]
akuhii, n. lit. things of sight; eye(s) [Formed from the elements aku "sight" and the suffix -hii "thing, object, place"]
amahti, n. hand, grip; lit. "thing that holds, grips" [From the modified stem (a)mat "hold, grip, contain" with addition of the suffix -hii "thing, object, place"]
amakii, n. finger; lit. "part of hand/grip" [From the modified stem (a)mat "hold, grip, contain" with addition of the suffix -ki(i) "part/piece of"]
amakii-ovo, n. cmpnd. fingertip [A compound formed from the elements amakii "finger" and -ovo "end, finish"]
apalikavo, n. cmpnd. lit. light-power in hardness; lightstone [Originates from the archaic word apali "hardness, rigidity" (see entry opoli) and the compound form kaavo "light power/energy"(from the elements ka "energy" and avo "elemental light")]
arratu, n. resonating musical instrument [From the word coinage artra (see entry) with addition of the nounal suffix -tu, denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning]
arta, n. refuge, haven
arti, n. prison; banishment
ar(t)ra, n. echo, resonance [From a word coinage artra, based on a reversible syllable structure meant to reflect the sound of an echo; variants include eastern ardra, ardro and southern arthra, arthro]
ar(t)rau, adj. echoing, resonant [From the word coinage artra (see entry) with addition of the adjectival suffix -u]
aso, n. sand [Derived from the stem aes "sand, gravel, dirt" with addition of the suffix -o denoting a substance or physical concept; also appears as a variant form aswe with alternate suffix -we]
aso-mahri, n. cmpnd. sea-shore, beach [Formed from the elements aso "sand" and mahri "ocean, sea"; also see synonymous entry asorho]
asorho, n. beach; lit. "sand-shore" [Formed from the element aso "sand" and the suffix/prefix rho "line, edge"; also see synonymous entry aso-mahri]
aswe; see entry aso
atu, n. mind, will [etymology uncertain; it appears that the word atu may have diverged from the ancient stem maet "mind, thought" at a very early point. In meaning it refers specifically to the Will of an individual, as distinct from thought or intellect (ideas associated with the similar term metye (see entry))]
atuma, v. to think, consider [Formed from the element atu "mind, thought, will" with addition of the verbal suffix -ma]
avaku, n. sun, star; title of one of the twin suns of Metru Nui [Originates as a conjunction of the ancient elemental prefix av(o)- "light" and the term aku "sight, vision"; also see entry akuavo for further discussion of origin and usage]
avenerui, n. lightvine [Originates as a conjunction of the ancient elemental prefix av(o)- "light" and the term enerui "vine, creeper"]
avo(h), n. elemental light [Originally avoi, still attested in some rare cases; also found as the adjectival prefixes av- and avo-]
av(o)ta, n. (a) light, torch [From the elemental word avo "elemental light" with addition of the nounal suffix -ta, denoting a concept or thing that embodies the stem meaning]

-B-

barra, n. war, conflict
Barraki, n. cmpnd. lit. war-leader; (honorific) Warlord [From the elements barra "war, conflict" and aki "leader, lord" (see entries)]
bohye, n. vigilance, watchfulness [From the ancient stem bo "vigilance, watchfulness" with addition of the nounal suffix -hye, denoting a general universal concept; also realized simply as boh]
bora, n. watcher, guard [From the ancient stem bo "vigilance, watchfulness" with addition of the agental suffix -ra]

-D-

daika, n. note, music [Originally a compound of the ancient stem dae (an augmented form of the elemental word dei "elemental sound") and the element ka "creative power" with development of the diphthong ae > ai]
deh, n. elemental sound [Originally dei, still attested in some rare cases; also found as the adjectival prefix de-]
dema, v. to make noise/sound (base-stem) [From the stem deh "elemental sound" (older dei) with addition of the general verbal suffix -ma]
deta, n. voice, mouth [From the elemental word deh "elemental sound" (older dei) with addition of the suffix -ta, denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning]
detarui n. cmpnd. jaw; lit. "joint of mouth" [Composed of the elements deta "mouth" and -rui "joint" (see entry)]
dika¹, n. whistle, tune; rahi-noise, cry [A further progression from the term daika "note, music" (see entry) with development of the original diphthong ae > ai > i]
dika², n. rahi, beast [Developed from the similar dika¹, meaning "whistle" or "tune", but more importantly "rahi-noise, cry" (see entry), eventually embodying the concept of a beast or a thing that makes rahi-noises; also found as diika]

-E-

edrai, v. to control, rule (ai-stem, e-declens.) [Derived historically from the ya-stem verb terya "to influence, persuade" (see entry; originally from the obscure ancient word form ter(e)n "guidance, direction, purpose") with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned fully outward (tereya > eterai > etrai > edrai)
ehel, n. flow, course, current [Historically from elemental word gae; it derives from an ancient stem modification involving the suffix -li and the reduplication of the stem vowel as a prefix, forming the hypothetical form *agali, eventually to egeli, with usual vowel change of a > e and loss of -i, finally becoming ehel (with eventual weakening of intervocalic g)]
ekama, v. to move (something); to send (away) (base-stem, e-declens.) [Derived from the base-stem verb kama "to move" with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned outward]
ekurma, v. to anger, enrage (base-stem, e-declens.) [Derived from the base-stem verb kurma "to rage, be angry" with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned outward]
elesma, v. to listen; eavesdrop (base-stem, e-declens.) [Derived from the base-stem verb lesma "to hear" (see entry) with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned outward]
emaima, v. to lift, raise (base-stem, e-declens.) [Derived from the base-stem verb maima "to rise" (see entry) with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned outward]
ematya, v. to take, possess (ya-stem, e-declens.) [Derived from the ya-stem matya "to master, use" with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned outward]
eneh, n. stem [Derived from the ancient elemental stem nei "elemental plant-life" (modern neh)]
eneh-palnehu, n. cmpnd. bamboo, tree-trunk; lit. "woody-stem" [Composed of the noun eneh "stem" and the adjective palnehu "woody"]
enerui, n. cmpnd. vine, creeper; lit. "jointed stem" [Composed of the elements eneh "stem" and -rui "joint" (see entry)]
eterma, v. to plan, arrange (base-stem, e-declens.) [Derived historically from the base-stem verb terma "to guide" with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned fully outward]
ezai, v. to attack, strike at (ai-stem, e-declens.) [Supplanted older archaic zya; originally from the same root zaa "violence, retribution" with addition of the prefix e-, denoting that the action is turned outward, along with the verbal suffix -ya, forming the hypothetical *ezaaya > *ezaai > ezai]

-F/PH -

fanne, n. sky; ceiling, roof
phantoka, n. cmpnd (archaic) lit. spirits of the sky; birds, flying things [From the older element phane "sky" (see modern fanne) and -tika "spirit, form, shape" with alteration of -tika to -toka in accordance with historical vowel pattern a-o-a]

-G-

gah, n. elemental water [Also has connotations of peace, purity, and serenity; Originally gae, still attested in some rare cases; also found as the adjectival prefix ga-]
gahre, n. weight, mass, importance [From older garahye, originally from the ancient stem gar(a), with addition of the suffix -hye, denoting a generally universal concept; also attested as garye]
galinyohi, n. cmpnd. jungle; lit. "wet-forest" [Composed of the elements gal- "wet" and inyohi "forest"; also found as galinyo-wahi]
galinyo-wahi; see entry galinyohi
galno; see entry galnu
galnu, n. mud, swampy earth [Contracted from an older compound gal-onu "wet earth"; also found as a variant galno]
galonuhi n. swamp; lit. "watery earth" [Derived from the older compound gal-onu with addition of the nounal suffix -hii "thing, place"]
galonu-wahi; see entry galonuhi
garai, v. 1 (phys.) to weigh 2 (meta.) to consider, weigh, ponder [From the ancient stem gar(a) with original addition of the verbal suffix -ya (garaya > garai)]
garye; see entry gahre
gauru, adj. discordant, conflicting; separate [Probably derived from an intermediary term *gauur (elemental gah and suffix -uur, see entry guur) with adjectival suffix -u]
gea(-o), adj. blue [Originally from an augmented form of gae "elemental water" with addition of the usual adjectival color-suffix -o]
gehel, n. river, stream [Contracted from the original compound ga-ehel "flow, current of water" (see entry ehel)]
graal, n. rahi bear; Ash Bear [Originally an onomatopoeic word symbolizing the roar of the Ash Bear]
gukko, n. rahi bird species [The term is a southern dialectal form of the original word goko (still used in some dialects), which was historically gokua; goko is used to define a specific species of rahi bird, including the kahu, kewa (or goko-kahu) and taku and originates as a compound of the onomatopoeic word goh (imitating the call of the kahu subspecies) and the element kua "flying thing" (related to stem kua "free, free-flowing, flying")]
guur, n. discord, fragmentation, separation [A perversion of the elemental word gae with addition of the negative suffix -uur]

-H-

hah, adj. calm, peaceful [From the stem hah "peace, calm, safety"]
hahu, adj. calm, peaceful [From the stem hah "peace, calm, safety" with addition of the general adjectival suffix -u]
hara n. rope; flax [etymology uncertain; may be descended from a hypothetical stem *haar(a) "fiber, weave"]
harakeke, n. cmpnd. lit. "flax-bush" or "rope-bush" [Composed of the elements hara "flax, rope" and keke "bush, shrub"]
hau, adj. defending, protecting; used as the name of the Kanohi Mask of Shielding [Originates from the ancient stem haa (also attested as hoh) "protection, defense" with addition of the adjectival suffix -u, denoting an "active" or "outwardly focused" meaning]
haye, peace, security, calm [From the stem hah "peace, calm, safety" with addition of the nounal suffix -hye, denoting a universal concept]
hoi, n. shield, protecting thing [Originally hohii, from the ancient stem hoh "protection, defense" with addition of the suffix -hii "thing". Originally used in reference to the protective Kanohi shell of the Hoi Turtle, the first of which were actually Kanohi Hau (to which the word hoi is etymologically related)]

-I-

ihnenu, n. tall/high grass [Formed from a conjunction of the elements iih "high, high up" and nenu "grass"]
ihneye, n. tree [Formed from a conjunction of the elements iih "high, high up" and neye "plant"; also found as contracted forms inye, inyo (see entries)]
i(h)no; see entry ihnu
ihnu, n. hill/mound [Formed from the conjunction of the elements iih "height, high up" and (o)nu "elemental earth"; also attested as later forms ihno and ino]
iihe, n. high place; mountain-top [From the stem iih "height, high up" and the suffix -hii with alteration of -hii to -he due to the presence of preceding long i in the stem; also see related entries iiho and iiho-nuyo]
iiho, n. peak, crest [From the stem iih "height, high up" with the nounal suffix -o, denoting a physical concept; also see related entries iihe and iiho-nuyo]
iiho-nuyo, n. cmpnd. mountain peak, crest [Composed of the elements iiho "peak, crest" and nuyo "mountain"; also see related entries iihe and iiho]
iiho-yehonu, n. cmpnd. ridge [Composed of the elements iiho "peak, crest" and yehonu "slope, incline"]
iihu, n. high, far-seeing; wise, transcending (as a proper noun) [From the stem iih "height, high up" with addition of the adjectival suffix -u]
ik(i), adj. high, tall; happy [A Le-Matoran dialectal convention derived from the stem iih "high up"; also found as ikh(i) and ih(i)]
Inai(tea), n. the Red Star [From the stem inaeh "star", along with the adjectival tea-o "red, fiery"; also attested as Initeo]
ini, n. star [Historically inaeh or iniih]
inihe, n. lit. star-places, the heavens [Formed from the modified stem iniih "star" (descended from an earlier inaeh) and the suffix -hii with alteration of -hii to -he due to the presence of a preceding (historically) long i in the stem.]
inika, n. cmpnd. lit. star-energy/power, energy of a star [Formed from the elements ini "star" and ka "power, energy"]
ino-nui, n. cmpnd mountain [Composed of the noun ino "hill, mound" (from ihno) and the adjective nui "great, mighty, vast". Synonyms: (o)nuiwe, (o)nuyo]
inye n. tree [Contracted from the older ihneye "tree"; also found as a variant inyo]
inyo; see entries ihneye, inye
inyo-galnu swamp tree
inyohi n. forest, wood [A more modern term derived from the word inyo "tree" (itself contracted originally from the earlier ihneye) with addition of the nounal suffix -hii "thing, place"; also found as a variant compound inyo-wahi]
inyo-wahi; see entry inyohi

-J-

jaga, n. rahi scorpion
johve, n. subtlety, cleverness [From older jovohye, originally from the ancient stem jov(o), with addition of the suffix -hye, denoting a generally universal concept; also attested as jovye]
jota, n. detail, complexity [Originally from the ancient stem jov(o) with addition of the suffix -ta, denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning]
jovye; see entry johve
jutma, v. to collapse, decay

-K-

ka, n. power, energy; ability, (creative) potential [Theoretically is may have developed from a form *kae; also spelled cah or ca (using the old orthographic c); also realized as aka, akha, kan, kar, kha(r ) and in very rare cases as the prefix gah- (separate from the elemental ga-)]
kaatu, n. color [Derived from a hypothetical root *kaa "energy, light, color" (related to ancient stem *kae) with addition of the abstract nounal suffix -tu]
kaatuhi, n. flower [Derived from the word kaatu "color" with addition of the suffix -hii "thing, object"]
kai, n. skill, talent, ability [An augmented form of ka "power, ability, potential" (see entry) with addition of general abstract suffix -i]
kaihe, n. Unity [Developed from the older compound form ka "energy, potential", the adjectival form yi "together, combined", and the nounal suffix -hye, denoting a universal concept; also see analogous entry kaita]
kai-o, adj. colorful [Originally from an augmented form of ka "power, energy, light" with addition of the usual adjectival color-suffix -o]
kaita, n. lit. potential combined/together; unity [Developed from the older compound form kayita, which is composed of the elements ka "energy, potential", the adjectival form yi "together, combined", and the abstract, nounal suffix -ta; also see analogous entry kaihe]
kama¹, v. to move [From the element ka "energy, potential" with addition of the general verbal suffix -ma]
kama², n. motion, speed [Originates as an abstract nounal form of the verb kama¹ (see entry)]
kan; see entry ka
kane, n. energy, passion; rahi bull [This term has come to be associated principally with the species of rahi-bull; kane "power, energy, passion" is formed of the element kan "power, energy" and the general nounal suffix -e]
Kane-ra, n. cmpnd. wild bull [Used to describe the Kane-ra species of bull; it is formed of the word kane "bull" (see entry) and the term ra "wild" used here as a type of adjectival compound]
kano, n. mask [Used as an alternate term for kanohi; the term kano originated as a craft-word used by those of the mask-making profession and only passed into common use after the origination of the kanoka disks, in which word it is used (see entry kanoka for further historical notes)]
kanohi, n. cmpnd. mask of power [Formed from the word nohi "face, mask" and the element ka "power, ability"]
kanoka, n. cmpnd. disk of power [The etymology of this term is rather complex. When the first of the disks of power, from which Kanohi masks are more easily forged, were created, the Scholars decided upon the term kanoka by considering the history of the word kanohi, since the two objects—disk and mask—are closely related. Kanohi comes originally from nohi, which means both "face" and "mask". And nohi, in turn, derives from its ancient form noihii, made up of the elements -hii "thing, object" and noi, the elemental word for the substance of Protodermis. The Scholars chose to form a new word—noka—from the elements noi and ka "power" to define the concept of the disks, which, in essence, utilize the power of Protodermis, and they made the further addition of the element ka to better distinguish the Disks of Power as unique. Thus, the term kanoka was formed and has since passed entirely into common use.]
kar; see entry ka
kara; see entry kharra
karahe, adj. passionate, rash, reckless; unstable [From the compound element ka-ra (ka "energy", ra "wild, untamed") and the adjectival suffix -he "having"]
karda, n. heart, core, engine [From the element kar "energy, power" (see entry ka) and the suffix -ta, denoting a concept or thing that embodies the meaning of the stem, with eventual assimilation of t > d, due to the preceding r]
kau, n. breath [From the element kau "breathing, free-flowing"]
kea, n. rahi shark
keke, n. bush, shrub [etymology uncertain]
kha(r ); see entry ka
kharma, v. to make, form [Originally from the element khar "energy, ability, potential" with addition of the verbal suffix -ma]
kharra, n. maker, builder, shaper [Formed from the element khar "energy, ability, potential" and the agental suffix -ra; also attested in a simplified form kara]
kh(i)ye, n. that/the place, thence [A grammatical function word. It originates historically from a conjunction of the suffixes -hii "place" and -hye "abstract concept", forming the hypothetical compound *hiihye, which was then later contracted and strengthened to khiye]
kini, n. temple
koh, n. elemental ice [Also has connotations of sternness, and severity, as well as silence, calm, and composure; originally koi, still attested in some rare cases; also found as the adjectival prefix ko-]
koro, n. village, town; walled city [Originally from a stem (o)kor "wall, barrier, landform", which is derived from an older hypothetical form *kaer "hinder, repulse" under influence of a coeval stem rho(k) "boundary, ring, edge". The term has gradually shifted its meaning from "wall, barrier" to a "walled city" and thence to "village, town"; see related entry korwe]
korwe, n. wall, barrier [Originally from a stem (o)kor "wall, barrier, landform" (see entry koro for full etymology) with addition of the nounal suffix -we "substance, physical concept"]
korwe-mahri, n. cmpnd. sea cliff [Composed of elements korwe "wall, barrier[/i] and mahri "sea, ocean"]
kou adv. external, outside; around [etymology uncertain]
koyo, adj. white [Originally from an augmented form of koi "elemental ice" with addition of the usual adjectival color-suffix -o]
kraah, n. elemental shadow [Originally krae; also found as the adjectival prefix kraa-]]
kraahkan, n. cmpnd. power/energy of shadow [From the elements kraah "elemental shadow" and kan "energy, power"]
kraata, n. cmpnd the will of shadow [Formed from the elements kraah "elemental shadow" and atu "will, mind, thought", with eventual assimilation of final -u to -a]
kua, n. bird, flying thing; liberty, independence
ku-amahi, n. cmpnd. palm; lit. "mid-palm" [Composed of the initial element (u)ku "middle, half" (modified from an older stem keu(n)) and the form amahi, contracted from amahti "hand" (see entry)]
ku-ino, n. cmpnd valley; lit. "between hills" [Composed of the initial element (u)ku "middle, half" (modified from an older stem keu(n)) and the form ino "hill" a variant of ihno (see entry)]
ku-mirehe, n. cmpnd. elbow; lit. "mid-arm" [Composed of the initial element (u)ku "middle, half" (modified from an older stem keu(n)) and the word [i]mirehe[/i] "arm" (see entry)]
ku-noiwe, [i]n. cmpnd.[/i] see entry [i]ku-noyo[/i]
ku-noyo, [i]n. cmpnd.[/i] waist, lit. "mid-body" [Composed of the initial element [i](u)ku[/i] "middle, half" (modified from an older stem [i]keu(n)[/i]) and the word [i]noyo[/i] "body" (see entry); also appears as a variant form [i]ku-noiwe[/i]]
kuta, [i]n.[/i] knowledge
kur, [i]n.[/i] anger, rage [A perversion of the elemental word [i]koi[/i] with addition of the negative suffix [i]-uur[/i]]
kurma, [i]v.[/i] to rage, be angry (base-stem) [From the stem [i]kur[/i] "anger, rage" with addition of the general verbal suffix [i]-ma[/i]]
ku-warehe, [i]n. cmpnd.[/i] knee; lit. "mid-leg" [Composed of the initial element [i](u)ku[/i] "middle, half" (modified from an older stem [i]keu(n)[/i]) and the word [i]warehe[/i] "leg" (see entry)]

-L-

leh, [i]n.[/i] elemental air [Originally [i]lei[/i], still attested in some rare cases; also found as the adjectival prefix [i]le-[/i]]
ler, [i]n.[/i] acid, poison; sickness, illness [A perversion of the elemental word [i]lei[/i] with addition of the negative suffix [i]-uur[/i]; also found as [i]luur[/i]]
leru, [i]adj.[/i] acidic [From the stem [i]ler[/i] with addition of the general adjectival suffix [i]-u[/i]]
lehel, [i]n.[/i] wind, breeze, wind current [Contracted from the original compound [i]le-ehel[/i] "flow, current of air" (see entry [i]ehel[/i]); synonymous with the later term [i]lehelye[/i] (see entry)]
lehelye; see entry [i]lehel[/i] [A synonymous term for "wind, breeze" derived from [i]lehel[/i] with the abstract nounal suffix [i]-hye[/i]]
leo, [i]adj.[/i] green [Originally from an augmented form of [i]lei[/i] "elemental air" with addition of the usual adjectival color-suffix [i]-o[/i]; also found as [i]ly[/i] in southern dialects (with shift of diphthong [i]eo > y[/i]]
lesma, [i]v.[/i] to hear (base-stem) [From the verbal stem [i]les[/i] "hear" (from [i]lus[/i], older [i]lues[/i]) with addition of the general verbal suffix [i]-ma[/i]]
lhihke, [i]n.[/i] righteousness, virtue, honor [From the stem [i]lhi(k)[/i] "virtue, justice" with addition of the nounal suffix [i]-hye[/i] ([i]lhihkye > lhihke[/i])]
lhii, [i]adj.[/i] virtuous, right, honorable [From the stem [i]lhi(k)[/i] "virtue, justice" with addition of the adjectival suffix [i]-ii[/i]; also found as [i]hli[/i] in some compounds and as a feature of Le-Matoran dialects (see entry)]
lhikhe, [i]n.[/i] just, fair [From the stem [i]lhi(k)[/i] "virtue, justice" with addition of the adjectival suffix [i]-he[/i]]
lusak, [i]n.[/i] deafness [A more colloquial word used to describe deafness that is unnatural or was caused by something and has negative results; originates from the stem [i]lus[/i] "hearing" (older [i]lues[/i]) with addition of the negative suffix [i]-ak[/i]; common southern dialect forms include [i]lesek[/i] (with common alteration of [i]-ak[/i] to [i]-ek[/i]) and shorter [i]lesk[/i] ([i]lek[/i] in compounds or names); also see entry [i]lusuur[/i]]
lusse, [i]n.[/i] listening, hearing [From the stem [i]lus[/i] "hearing" (older [i]lues[/i]) with addition of the general abstract suffix [i]-e[/i]]
lusta, [i]n.[/i] ear [From the stem [i]lus[/i] "hearing" (older [i]lues[/i]) with addition of the suffix [i]-ta[/i], denoting a thing or concept that embodies the stem meaning]
lusuur, [i]n.[/i] deafness [From the stem [i]lus[/i] "hearing" (older [i]lues[/i]) with addition of the negative suffix [i]-uur[/i]; primarily used as a scientific or medical term; also see entry [i]lusak[/i]]

Here ends Volume I. Volume II continues with entries M-Z.

JRRT



Photo

The Loa

Posted by Tolkien , Apr 12 2011 · 133 views
Writing??
[No...not that kind of loa...]

Hey kids,

If you like to write, go thou and check out the new League of Authors. It's an exciting concept for writers looking to improve their craft, and it's also something I intend to participate with in future. Take a look.

JRRT






Chapter I

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"Not a nasty, dirty, wet hole, filled with the ends of worms and an oozy smell, nor yet a dry, bare, sandy hole with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat: it was a blog-hole, and that means comfort."

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A Short Bio of the...Author?

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grad-student

teacher

linguist

LEGO/Bionicle enthusiast

a total nerd


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