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A Matoran Dictionary - Second Edition - Volume V

Posted by Tolkien , in linguistics, Long Entries, Bionicle, Matoran Language, Language and Etymology Nov 06 2013 · 2,997 views

A Matoran Dictionary

2nd Edition

 

VOLUME V :: N-P

 
-N-
 
  |p.|  many, multiple (plural particle) [Variant forms: nāl (l-modified), - (ā > ō / __#]
naho  |n.|  protection of many [naho < nā-hō, from the plural particle “many, plural” and “protection, peace/calm, systems-normal” (with final ā > ō vowel shift)]
nai  |n./p.|  all [nai < nā-ī, from the plural particle and the nounal particle ī. Variant form: ]
nai-ya  |v.|  to multiply, proliferate [From nai “all” and the verbal particle ya]
nalo  |n.|  group, collection, herd [nalo < nāl-ō, from nāl, a stem-modification of the plural particle , and the nounal particle ō]
nekta  |n.|  overlord, high rank; lit. “very large spirit” [nekta < ne-ak-ta, from ne “great, big” (Skakdi dialectal variant of nui, see entry), the intensive particle -ak, and ta “elemental fire; spirit, being, essence”]
nektann  |n.|  overlord/high-ranking being [nektann < nekta-ann, from nekta “overlord, high rank” and ann “being, individual” (Skakdi dialectal variant of ān, see entry)]
nga  |adj./n.|  one; first, lone [etymology uncertain]
ngai  |adj.|  elite [ngai < ngaui, from nga “one; first, lone” and the adjectival particle ui. Variant form: ngoi]
ngalawa  |n.|  boat-race; lit. “first-boat” [ngalawa < nga-lawa, from nga “one, first; lone” and lawa “boat, floating vessel”]
ngu  |adj./n.|  last, final; alone [ngu < nga-u, from nga “one; first, lone” (see entry) and the adjectival particle u]
ni  |p.|  one who (personifying particle)
niazesk  |n.|  (Rahi-) terrible swarming predator [niazesk < niazis-ak, from niazis “Rahi-insect; swarming predator” and the intensive particle -ak. Variant form: niazisak]
niazis  |n.|  Rahi-insect; swarming predator [niazis < niya-azi-s, from niya “multiplying, swarming” (stem variant derived from the verbal complex nai-ya, see entry), azi “violence, predatory” (variant of zai, zī), and the Rahi-designation suffix -s]
nidi  |n.|  cunning, slyness; thievery [nidi < ni-zi-ti, from the particle ni “person/place who”, zi “empty, emptied out” (variant of ze, see entry), and ti “vessel”, yielding an original sense of “one who empties vessels; thief”]
nidhiki  |n.cmpd.|  1. measurer of cunning; 2. cunning deception [nidhiki < nidi-hiki, from nidi “cunning, slyness; theivery” and hiki (multiple meanings, see entries)]
nihu  |adj.|  starry; glittering, sparkling [nihu < nih-u, from i(n)ih “high, elevated; star(s)” and the adjectival particle u]
niki  |n.|  (individual) star; lit. “piece of star(s)” [niki < nih-kī, from i(n)ih “high, elevated; star(s)” and the particle “part, piece, portion of”]
nikila  |n.cmpd.|  precious falling-star [nikila < niki-la, from niki “(individual) star; lit. ‘piece of star(s)’” and the modifying particle -la “good, excellent”]
nireta  |n.|  sailor, seaworthy one; lit. “spirit at home on the sea” [nireta < nī-rei-ta, from “(liquid) protodermis; sea, ocean”, rei “home, nest, safe place”, and ta “elemental fire; spirit, being, essence”]
nita  |adj.|  uplifted, enlightened [nita < ni-ta, from i(n)ih “high, elevated; star(s)” and the elemental stem ta “elemental fire; spirit, being, essence”]
nita-ya  |v.|  to uplift, enlighten [From nita “uplifted, enlightened” and the verbal particle ya]  
nivawk  |n.|  Rahi-hawk; lit. “under the high sky” [nivawk < nih-fau-ak, from i(n)ih “high, elevated; star(s)”,  fau “under-roof”, and the intensive particle -ak]
nixie  |n.|  astrology, lit. “star-possibilities” [nixie < niki-isi, from niki “(individual) star(s), lit. ‘piece of star(s)’” and isī (< isi) “possible; possibility”]
nohi  |n.|  face; mask [nohi < no-hī, from no (< ono) “protodermis” and the particle “thing, object, place”. Originates as a term used by mask-makers in reference to powerless Matoran masks]
noi  |n.|  (liquid) protodermis; sea, ocean [noi < no-ī, from no (< ono) “protodermis” and the nounal particle ī. Variant form: ]

noka  |n.|  (Kanoka-) disk; powerful protodermic object [noka < no-ka, from no (< ono) “protodermis” and ka “power(ful), force, ability”]
nokama  |n.cmpd.|  tide; current; lit. “movement of the sea (liquid protodermis)” [nokama < noi-kama, from noi “(liquid) protodermis; sea, ocean” and ka-ma “to move”]

nokoro  |n.|  cliff, dome-barrier [nokoro < no-koro, from no (< ono) “protodermis” and koro “(archaic) wall, barrier”]†
nokoro-nui  |n.cmpd.|  the Great Barrier [From nokoro “cliff, dome-barrier” and nui “great, significant”]†
norik  |n.|  command of many [norik < nā-orik, from the plural particle “many, plural” and orik “command, authority”. Variant form: noryk]
nua  |adj.|  hidden, unseen, secret [etymology uncertain; Variant forms: na, nu, ny]
nuhvok  |n.|  earth-designation Bohrok [FD: MN#2]
nuhrī  |n.|  mask-maker; lit. “oriented toward mask(s)” [nuhrī < nohi-rī, from nohi “face; mask” (see entry) and the particle , a reduction of rui “oriented toward” (< ru-ui). Variant form: nuri]
nui  |adj.|  great, significant; large [nui < nā-ui, from the plural particle “many, multiple” and the adjectival particle ui. Variant forms: -, ne- (Skakdi variant)]
nui-jaga  |n.cmpd.|  (Rahi-) giant Rahi-scorpion [From nui “great, significant” and jaga “Rahi-scorpion”]

nui-kopen  |n.cmpd.|  (Rahi-) giant flying carver [From nui “great, significant” and kopen “flying carver”]
nui-rama  |n.cmpd.|  (Rahi-) giant flying Rahi-insect [From nui “great, significant” and rama “flying Rahi-insect”]
nuju  |n.|  secret intelligence [nu-ju < nu-aju, from nu “hidden, unseen, secret” (variant of nua, see entry) and aju “intelligent; intelligence”]
nuparu  |n.cmpd.|  iron-monger; lit. “oriented toward earth and stone” [nuparu < nu-pa-ru, from nu “elemental earth”, pa “elemental stone”, and ru “orientation; oriented toward; intention”]
nūrakh  |n.|  firm-command-Vahki [nūrakh < nu-oro-akh, from nu “elemental earth” (variant of onu, see entry), oro “word, unit of communciation”, and the Vahki-designation affix -akh (reanalyzed from the older Vahki-designation terms, see entries bord-akh, rorz-akh, vorz-akh, zad-akh) - FD: MN#3]
nuva  |adj.cmpd.|  new, brand new, original, unique [nuva < nui-ava, from nui “great, significant” and ava “revealed, (newly) discovered” (variant of avu, see entry)]
nyn  |n.|  hidden/secret one(s) [nyn < ny-ān, from ny “hidden, unseen, secret” (variant of nua, see entry) and ān “being, individual”]
nynrah  |n.cmpd.|  lit. “wilderness of the hidden/secret ones” [nynrah < nyn-rahī, from nyn “hidden/secret one(s)” and an archaic usage of the complex ra-hī “wild place, wilderness” (ra “wild(ness), untamed” and the particle “thing, object, place”)]
 
-O-
 
o  |pro.|  I [1st pers. sg., subject form - FD: LM#7]†
oa  |pro.|  you [2nd pers. sg., subject form - FD: LM#7]†
oa-nā  |pro.|  you all [2nd pers. pl., subject form - FD: LM#7]†
odina  |n.cmpd.|  hidden southern place [odina < odī-nua, from odī, a reduced variant of udui “south” (see entry), and nua “hidden, unseen, secret”]
oduh-ya  |v.|  to walk, travel on foot [From oduh “leg” (variant of udui, see entry) and the verbal particle ya]
ōhnorak  |n.cmpd.|  mimicking/impersonating menace; lit. “scourge of mimicry” [ōhnorak < ōhno-rak, from ōhno “mimicry, impersonation” (variant of auhno, see entry) and rak “menace, scourge”]
-oki  |p.|  in, on, at; during (basic locative particle) [Variant form: ki/ke...o (splitting+displacement) - FD: LM#8]
okoth  |adj.cmpd.|  adventurous, tenacious, exploratory; lit. “will of (a) diving-bird” [okoth < ukua-ath, from ukua “diving-bird” and ath “mind, will” (a heavily reduced form of atu, see entry). Variant forms: okotu, ukot, ukuatu]
olisi  |n.cmpd.|  (Kanohi-) possible available courses/pathways [olisi < ol-isi, from the stem ol “door, gate, opening; available course/pathway” and isi “possible; possibility” - FD: MN#1]
olmak  |n.cmpd.|  (Kanohi-) powerful control of doors/gateways (dimensional gates) [olmak < ol-ma-ak, from the stem ol “door, gate, opening; available course/pathway”, ma(t) “mastery, control”, and the intensive particle -ak. Variant form: olmatak - FD: MN#1]
olo  |n.|  door, entrance, gateway [olo < ol-ō, from the stem ol “door, gate, opening; available course/pathway” and the nounal particle ō - FD: MN#1]
o-nā  |pro.|  we [1st pers. pl., subject form - FD: LM#7]†
one  |adj.|  firm, steadfast; earthy, foundational [one < onew, from the u-modified elemental stem onew “elemental earth; firm, steadfast; earthy” (variant of onuw, see entry)]
onepu  |n.cmpd.|  firm/steadfast friend [onepu < one-pu, from one “firm, steadfast; earthy, foundational” and pu “friend, ally”. Variant form: onupu]
onewa  |n.cmpd.|  firm/steadfast foundation [onewa < one-wa, from one “firm, steadfast; earthy, foundational” and the stem wa “wide, great, large; expanse”]
ono  |n./stm.|  protodermis [Variant form: no]†
onoi  |n.|  body, form [onoi < ono-hī, from ono “protodermis” and the particle “thing, object, place”. Variant form: onohi]†
onu  |n./stm.|  elemental earth [onu < onū, from the primeval elemental stem onū “elemental earth”. Variant forms: onu-, nu-, onuw/onew (u-modified, see entry onuw)]
onua  |n.cmpd.|  broad earth [onua < onu-wa, from onu “elemental earth” and the stem wa “wide, great, large; expanse”]
onui  |adj.|  black [onui < onu-ui, from onu “elemental earth” and the adjectival particle ui]†
onuw  |adj./stm.|  elemental earth; firm, steady, steadfast; earthy [Derived from the elemental stem onu “elemental earth” (see entry) via u-modification. Variant form: onew]
orde  |n.cmpd.|  mind, language/communicative faculty; lit. "vessel of words" [orde < or-te, from or "word, unit(s) of communication" (variant of oro, see entry) and te "vessel, contained space"]
ori  |n.|  word; command [ori < or-ī, from oro “word, unit(s) of communication” and the nounal particle ī]
orik  |n.|  command, authority, echelon [orik < ori-ak, from ori “word; command” and the intensive particle -ak. Also see related entry orok. Variant form: oryk]
orix  |n.|  superior command, upper echelon [orix < orik-si, from orik “command, authority” and the comparative adjectival particle si. Variant forms: oryx, -rex]
orkahm  |adj.|  racing along, careening, fluttering [orkahm < o-rakauhi-m, an adjective grammaticalized from the nounal complex o-rakauhi-m, from the split-particle amu (o...m) “through, by, via (transitional-instrumental)” and rakauhi “wild bird”. Variant form: orkan (with alternate o...n particle-split, see entry -amu)]
oro  |n.|  word; unit(s) of communication [etymology uncertain. Variant forms: ro, or]
oro-ha  |v.|  to communicate [From oro “word, unit(s) of communication” and the verbal particle ha]†
orok  |n.|  order, directive, command [orok < oro-ak, from oro “word” and the intensive particle -ak. Also see related entry orik]
oropi  |n.|  word-creature, speaker [oropi < oro-pi, from oro “word, unit of communication” and pi “agent, perpetrator; creature”]
otilin  |adv./adj.|  steadily, soundly; structured, structurally sound [otilin < o-ti-la-n, an adverb/adjective grammaticalized from the nounal complex o-ti-la-n, from ti “space, area”, the particle -la “good, excellent”, and a heavily reduced form of the split-particle -amu (o...n) ”through, by (transitional-instrumental)”]
 
-P-
 
pahrak  |n.|  stone-designation Bohrok [FD: MN#2]
paka  |n.|  strength; lit. “power of stone” [paka < pa-ka, from pa “elemental stone” (variant of po, see entry) and ka “power, force, ability”]
pakari  |vn.cmpd.|  strength, durability; lit. “exerting power of stone” [pakari < pa-akari, from pa “elemental stone” (variant of po, see entry) and akari “exertion, resistance”]
pakastā  |n.cmpd.|  harsh weather/the elements; lit. “scattering/consuming strength” [pakastā < paka-stā, from paka “strength” and the stem stā (< sā-ta) “scattering, consuming, driving out”]
pala  |n.|  good/quality stone [pala < pa-la, from pa “elemental stone” (variant of po, see entry) and the modifying particle -la “good, excellent”]
panur  |n./stm.|  shattering, breaking, fragmentation [panur < pa-nu-ūr, from pa “elemental stone” (variant of po, see entry), nu “elemental earth” (variant of onu, see entry), and the particle ūr(u) “un-, negative, not” - FD: MN#1]
panrahk  |n.cmpd.|  lit. “shattering wild thing; shatterer” [panrahk < panur-rahk, from panur “shattering, breaking, fragmentation” and rahk “wild/untamable thing” - FD: MN#1]
papa  |adj.|  extremely hard, stony [From an intensivizing reduplication of pa “elemental stone” (variant of po, see entry)]
par  |adj./stm.cmpd.|  strong, stolid, robust; strengthened, made strong; lit. “application of strength” [par < po-ār, from po “elemental stone” and the particle ār “applied, application of; applied against, resistance, hindering”. Variant forms: para, pra]
parakrekks  |n.cmpd.|  (Rahi-) lit. “strengthened/robust, extremely resistant force” [parakrekks < para-krekka-s, from para “strong, stolid, robust; strengthened, made strong” (variant of par, see entry), krekka “extremely resistant force”, and the Rahi-designation affix -s - FD: MN#4]
pavohi  |n.|  lightstone [pavohi < pā-avo-hī, from pa “elemental stone”, avo “elemental light”, and the particle "thing, object, place"]†
pe  |stm.|  carve, chip; carving, sculpting, paring down [pe < peu < pau, derived from the elemental stem po “elemental stone” (see entry) via u-modification]
pehiki  |n.cmpd.|   small unit; lit. “carving-measurement” [pehiki < pe-hiki, from the stem pe “carve, chip; carving, sculpting, paring down” and hiki¹ “piece/part/portion of something; measurement”. Originates as a stone-crafting term designating a (generally small) amount of material  to be removed from a sculpture]
pehkui  |adj.|  (Kanohi-) miniature, diminished [pehkui < pehiki-ui, from pehiki “small unit” and the adjectival particle ui]
peke  |n.|  carving; carver [An agentive variant of pekeke “shard, fragment, pebble” (see entry peki)]
peki  |n.|  shard, fragment, pebble; lit. “piece of carving” [peki < pe-kī, from the stem pe “carve, chip; carving, sculpting, paring down”  and the particle “part, piece, portion of”. Also found in an intensivized form pekiki, pekeke]
pekka  |n.|  avalanche, rockslide [pekka < pekiki-ha, an independent lexicalization of the nounal complex pekiki-ha, from pekiki “many stones/pebbles” (intensivized variant of peki, see entry) and the particle ha “from, out of (origin)”]
peli  |adj.|  carven, sculpted [peli < pe-li, from the stem pe “carve, chip; carving, sculpting, paring down” and the primeval modifying particle li]
pelagia  |adj.cmpd.|  carved/sculpted by waves [pelagia < peli-agiya, from peli “carven, sculpted” and agi-ya “to wash over, immerse”]
pen  |n.|  carver [pen < pe-ān, from the stem pe “carve, chip; carving, sculpting, paring down” and ān “being, individual”]
pena  |n.|  (a) quarry; lit. “many carvings” [pena < pe-nā, from the stem pe “carve, chip; carving, sculpting, paring down” and the plural particle ]
pi  |p.|  agent, perpetrator; creature [etymology irrational]
piatra  |n.|  lit. “echo of carving” [piatra < pe-atra, from the stem pe “carve, chip; carving, sculpting, paring down” and atra “echo, resonance” (variant of artra, see entry). Variant form: peatra]
pin  |n.|  subject, target; lit. “agent-being” [pin < pi-ān, from pi “agent, perpetrator; creature” and ān “being, individual”. Variant form: pain]
piraka  |n.cmpd.|  criminal, wrongdoer; (obscenity) thief/murderer [piraka < pi-iraka, from the particle pi “agent, perpetrator; creature” and iraka “wrongdoing, crime; murder”]
piriahi  |n.|  experiment [piriahi < piri-ya-hī, from piri-ya “to manipulate” and the particle “thing, object, place”]
piri-ya  |v.|  to manipulate [piri-ya < pi-rī-ya, from pi “agent, perpetrator, creature”, , a reduction of rui “oriented toward” (rui < ru-ui) and the verbal particle ya, yielding a sense of “actively orienting/re-orienting”]
piruk  |n.|  skilled scout/agent [piruk < pi-ru-ak, from the particle pi “agent, perpetrator; creature”, ru “orientation; oriented toward; intention”, and the intensive particle -ak]
po  |n./stm.|  elemental stone [po < pā, from the primeval elemental stem “elemental stone”. Variant forms: po-, pa, poh, pe (< pau, u-modified, see entry)]
podu  |n.|  stone outcropping, pinnacle, spire [podu < po-du, from po “elemental stone” and du “extension, scope, reach; influence”]
pohatu  |n.cmpd.|  1. will of stone; 2. protecting will of stone [multi. potential etymologies; one proposed etymology is pohatu < poh-atu, from poh (variant of po, see entry) “elemental stone” and atu “mind, will”; another proposed etymology is pohatu < po-ha-atu, from po “elemental stone”, ha “protection, peace/calm, safety, systems-normal”, and atu “mind, will”]
poi  |adj.|  brown [poi < po-ui from po “elemental stone” and the adjectival particle ui. Variant form: paui]†
pokawi  |n.cmpd.|  (Rahi-) lit. “flight of/like stone” [pokawi < po-akawi, from po “elemental stone” and akawi “flying, soaring; moving freely”. Applied to the pokawi Rahi-bird, in reference to its flightlessness]
pouks  |n.|  stone-dweller [pouks < po-oki-s, from po “elemental stone”, the particle oki “in/on/at; during (basic locative)”, and the affix -s, usually reserved for Rahi-designations]
prida  |n.|  governance, rule, strong authority; lit. “applying strength toward order” [prida < pra-īda, from the stem-compound pra “lit. ‘application of strength’” (variant of par, see entry) and the nounal complex ī-da “toward order”. Variant form: praida]
pridak  |n.|  great ruler, governor [pridak < prida-ak, from prida “governance, rule, strong authority” and the intensive affix -ak. Variant form: praidak]
pu  |n.|  friend, ally [etymology uncertain; possibly a modification of the elemental stem po “elemental stone”. Variant form: pew]
puku  |n.|  amiable friend [puku < pu-kau, from pu “friend, ally” and kau “free-flowing, unhindered” (see entry). Variant form: pewku]
 
--------------------
 
Key:
|adj.| - Adjective
|adj.cmpd.| - Adjective Compound
|adv.| - Adverb
|aff.| - Affix
|n.| - Noun
|n.cmpd.| - Noun Compound
|p.| - Particle
|p.cmpd.| - Particle Compound
|pro.| - Pronoun
|stm.| - Stem
|v.| - Verb
|vn.| - Verbal Noun
|vn.cmpd.| - Verbal Noun Compound
 
Some entries are marked with FD “Further Discussion”, followed by a reference to a blog entry containing more explanatory content related to that etymology. The references are as follows:

NM - “Nameless Masks”

MN#1-X... - “Meaningless Names #1-X...”
LM#1-X - “Learning Matoran, Lesson 1-X...”
 

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Chapter I

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