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Kraggh's Works ♫♪



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Sexagesimal Revoluuuution!

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd Sep 21 2018 · 0 views
sexagesimal, decimal, math
:kaukau: Sexagesimal, a.k.a. base 60 counting. Why convert to this number? What's wrong with the perfectly natural decimal numerical system? Simple: it isn't perfectly natural. When was the last time you were able to evenly divide 10 by 3 in decimal form? You couldn't. It looked ugly. How about 4? It comes out as a mixed number. Don't even get me started on 6. Literally, the only reason why we count in decimal is because we didn't want to have to make things any more complicated than counting with our hands. Otherwise, it's a factor of 2 and five. The first is natural enough, but how often does the number 5 come up in nature compared to, say, 3 and 4? Even 6 comes up more often than five, since you see that number all of the time in circles.

Now let's look at 60. It can be evenly divided by 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, and 30. That's pretty useful! Imagine how much more easily you could divide a dollar!

The ancient Sumerians used this system, and they were on to something. The only thing that I would change would to simplify the written system so that numerals could be written on the fly. Otherwise, I encourage people to write to their local senators and representatives and urge them to introduce this legislation. America deserves better than this Decimal Dictatorship! Sexagesimaltarians of the world, unite!

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r[{13sin18+n389^(1/2)sin126-nsin18}/(13sin18)]

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd May 22 2018 · 82 views
algebra, trigonometry and 1 more...
:kaukau: Just double-checking my math.
  • Flag A has proportions 5:3. Width is <w> and height is <h>.
  • There is a white star with five points, all spaces 72o apart.. All convex angles are 36o. All concave angles are 72o.
  • The circumscribed circle of the star's outer points shall have a diameter (1/10)w.
  • The circumscribed radius of the star's outer points is <r>, and the inscribed radius is <r2>,
  • To coordinates of the star's center are <3r, 10r>.
To roughly describe that to people not plotting this out with me, that means that there is a star one tenth the length of the flag in the upper-left-hand corner. Now for a description of what I want to accomplish with that star, before I get to the math involved in accomplishing that.

Surrounding the white star shall be thirteen stripes, each of equal thickness. The stripes shall conform to the shape of the star. Some of the star-shaped outlines will not be fully visible, but will be implied on account of the parts that appear on the banner. The thirteenth striped will only have one of its concave corners visible -- in the bottom-right-hand corner. The main star will be tilted in such a way so that this corner and the corner of the flag match up perfectly, and that there is neither the beginning of a fourteenth stripe, nor a thirteenth stripe that is not as thick as the others.

Now for the math on how we get there. I will start by defining r2 with respects to r.
  • The outer corner and nearest inside corner of the star form a triangle.
  • The lengths of two of its sides are r and r2.
  • The angle between them is half of 72o.
  • The angle opposite of r2 is half of 36o.
  • The angle opposite of r is 180o minus the other two angles.
  • 180-(72+36)/2=126
  • I can determine r2 via the Law of Sines.
  • r2=r(sin18/sin126)
Now, if I were to draft a version of this flag by creating multiple layers on Photoshop, one for each concentric stripe which, in its own layer, would be a full star, by how much would I have to upscale the star in each layer? How much larger must each star be in order for the inside corner of one of them to be exactly the distance from their shared center so as to match the distance of the flag's bottom-right-hand corner to the same point?
  • The distance from the star's center to the bottom-right-hand corner can be determined through the quadratic formula.
  • The coordinates of the bottom right-hand corner are <20r, 0>.
  • The triangle formed between this point and the star's center has legs <3r-20r, 10r-0>.
  • h2=[(-17r)2+(10r)2]1/2
  • h=r3891/2
This isn't quite enough. You would think that you simply take this number and divide it by 13, but that will not come out as intended. The distance covered by the stripes does not cover the hypotenuse of these two points, but rather the hypotenuse minus whatever space is already covered by the original star.
  • h2=r3891/2-r(sin18/sin126)
  • h2=r(3891/2-sin18/sin126)
  • h2=r(3891/2sin126-sin18)/sin126
In order to find the thickness of each stripe, measured from each of their inner radii to the inner radii of the next stripe down (or in the case of the first stripe, the distance from its inner radii to the inner radii of the original star), simply divide by 13. Stripe thickness shall be given by the letter
  • Stripe thickness is <t>.
  • t=r(3891/2sin126-sin18)/(13sin126)
Now I must find out the exact distance from each inscribed stripe radius from their shared center with respect to r.
  • Inscribed radius is given as <r2.n>, where n is the number of the stripe in relation to its proximity to the central star.
  • r2.n=r2+nt
  • r2.n=r(sin18/sin126)+nr(3891/2sin126-sin18)/(13sin126)
  • r2.n=r[(sin18/sin126)+n(3891/2sin126-sin18)/(13sin126)]
  • r2.n=r(13sin18+n3891/2sin126-nsin18)/(13sin126)
In theory, we have everything that we need in order to outline this flag. However, some might find it impractical to fabricate this using the inscribed radii as the baseline for these shapes. I have run into that problem, and therefore I have taken the extra step of defining the grown of each layer overall. I would like to know the visible and invisible circumscribed radii of each star, from which I would like to confirm a factor of growth with respect to the central star.
  • r1.n=r2.nsin126/sin18
At this point, I'm stopping, because this is where I have to double-check my math. So far, I have at the very least determined r2.n. I think that what I have here is the next step for solving r1.n, for my fabrication needs. My math muscles need a little more basic stretching before I can feel ergonomically confident figuring out the rest. Ah, the days when I used to work on calculus for fun.

One last thing. I have quite easily determined that the triangle ought to be tilted at an angle of sin-1[17(3891/2)/389].


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Men's Free Skate Program

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd, Michael Phelps Feb 17 2018 · 113 views
Olympics, Figure Skating
:kaukau: Thoughts on the various "bests" of the free skate (I didn't get to see the short program):

- Yuzuru Hanyu had the best outfit. And also the best fans, by far. I honestly can't complain that he won.
- Javier Hernandez had the best underdog backstory. It's always remarkable when someone can inspire his country and perhaps popularize a sport.
- Jin Boyang had the best selection of music. You simply can't go wrong with STAR WARS. Who knows? Maybe he'll popularize it in China and Episode IX will overcome Avatar as the highest grossing film of all time.
- Adam Rippon had the best artistry to his routines, hands down. No one else even came close, or at least in my opinion. Johnny Weir is right, that he "created a moment."
- Nathan Chen, as if it needs saying, is the most talented athlete of them all. Six quads? Unprecedented. I sincerely look forward to him in Beijing.
- Speaking of Beijing, Vincent Zhou has the best story going forward, since his extended family lives in China. And since he's the second-most athletic, only after Chen, he has some pretty good prospects to be the golden boy over there. He has another best, and that is the best personality. I didn't think much of it, but then I noticed something nerdy that he said over twitter, and it instantly endeared me to him, since I've only known one other person to make this observation (Scott Adams, author of the Dilbert comics): When a fan asked him about time travel on social media, his response was, “If I time traveled, I would likely end up in outer space because Earth is moving at 67,000 mph and time travel is only time travel and not spacetime travel.” OMG, yes, you win all of my nerd love!
- Michael Phelps is the best at being the best, even when he's not in this particular sport.

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Light Speed Kamikaze

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Movies, Nerd Jan 13 2018 · 163 views
STAR WARS, lightspeed
:kaukau: Fun fact. If you shot a marshmallow at the Earth going at 99.99% the speed of light, it would hit with the force of about two thousand Hiroshimas, if I've done my math right. If you add a few more nines to the percentage, that power output goes up exponentially. Let's say that it wasn't at light spee So imagine how much more powerful a lightspeed kamikaze run for a ship normally weighing one ton would do, especially when they're going faster than light speed. If you had a big ship, it would destroy planets with the intensity of a billion stars.

So...people have brought up why this kamikaze thing hasn't happened before, and I've thought through reasons why it might not have. First, there's obviously a flaw with the whole Death Star thing, because if people can blow up planets just by launching a lightspeed nyan-cat their way, making a giant station to do that it a bit redundant. In other battles, though, I can see it not being too advantageous. Warfare is generally fought over resources and political gain, and you can't always reach your objectives by blowing everything up. So a lot of the ships seem to be designed for troop transport. You also might not want to kamikaze a ship like the Death Star if it's nearby an inhabited planet, or even in the same system as one, because it shine with the brilliance of a billion trillion suns if you hit it at lightspeed and the radiation would kill everyone. Even when the target in question isn't nearby an inhabited planet, is your lightspeed kamikaze run really going to be accurate enough to hit a moving target that's lightyears away?

So it kind of makes sense why we haven't seen this before. When Holdo rammed the enemy fleet, there weren't any inhabited planets nearby. There's still the technicality of how the Rebels/Resistance didn't get hit by the shockwave, but my speculation is that she didn't quite reach light speed and was just accelerating when she hit Snoke's cruiser. Looking back, the only other situation that I can think of where someone was in a strategic position to use lightspeed kamikaze tactics was when the Empire wanted to take out Hoth, but I think that they wanted prisoners and, if I remember correctly, Darth Vader discovered that Luke was his son before he found his whereabouts on Hoth.

EDIT: And before people say that Han Solo could have done this to Starkiller base, he probably didn't want to do that while his son was on it. Of course, the Resistance could have launched a hyperspace missile that way without asking him...

Darn, I guess that it is a plot hole..

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Woverine's Bone Claws

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd Jun 05 2017 · 157 views
Wolverine
:kaukau: Apparently there are people who hate the idea that he once had bone claws and that it ruins the character, because they prefer the idea of the claws being implants from the Weapon X program.

The reason why I've never been able to accept the "claws as implants" story, right from the very beginning, was because the mechanics didn't make sense. How did he protract them? You would have to have a special set of muscles to bring them out. If they were implants, there would be no way of naturally using them, since they'd just be dead objects stuck in his forearms. Having them be a natural part of his biology that his body was designed to use makes much more sense.

Also, I watched Wonder Woman. I am writing a review. I will finish it.

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Im Valjean eston.

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd Mar 06 2017 · 211 views
Sindarin, Lord of the Rings and 3 more...


:kaukau: This sounds like an actual language. And just because I I feel like trash talking Christopher Paolini, who doesn't know the different between a verb and a participle. That doofus. Also, Sindarin is legitimately pretty and I would rather learn this than French, which I will grant as sounding pretty also but unfortunately has the most inconvenient spelling conventions. Anyway, it's a legitimately cool language and Tolkien's languages probably will sound a heck of a lot more natural than anything I will ever come up with.

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Esperanto Sucks

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd Dec 30 2016 · 371 views

:kaukau: You know the most popular constructed language in the world, created with the hope of unifying all of the peoples? Yeah, I hate it. L.L. Zamenhof designed it to be easy to learn, particular for people in his environment, and in that area, thee language succeeds. It is definitely easy to learn, due to its simplicity and familiarity, but in every other regard, I hate it.

First of all, it often sounds like someone just spoke Latin and then intentionally mispronounced everything. Seriously, why learn this language when you can just learn Latin, where everything sounds right? Okay, so Esperanto also uses words from English, German, and Russian, but that makes for a really ugly mixture of sounds. At least when you have words like "patro," "filo," and "frato," you have a feel for the language, with its flowy latin-esque vocabulary in there. But then you throw in words like "knabo," which really interrupt that Latin rhythm that it has. So even though this language sounds like some corrupted Latin overall, it doesn't have the rhythm that makes Latin so appealing.

For example, as someone who has studied Spanish, I look at the phrase "La libro" / "the book" and think to myself that the article should be masculine. I don't like that every single noun looks masculine. I'm used to a lot of Eurpean languages that Esperanto is based off of requiring adjectives to match the grammatical gender, grammatical case, or some other aspect of the nouns that they modify. Seeing phrases like "la granda libro," "la multekosta domo," and "la venenita pomo" just looks...malbela.

Speaking of gender, that leads me to the single biggest reason for why Esperanto sucks. I mean seriously, the way it distinguishes between male and female. The default gender is masculine, and in order to make the language easier to learn, all feminine words are derivatives of their masculine equivalents. Let me just give you a few examples:

Man/Woman --- Viro/Virino
Boy/Girl --- Knabo/Knabino
Father/Mother --- Patro/Patrino
Son/Daughter --- Filo/Filino
Brother/Sister --- Frato/Fratino
Male Cousin / Female Cousin --- Kuzo/Kuzino
Uncle/Aunt --- Onklo/Onklino (This last one is particularly egregious, because "onklo" stands out as a particularly English-y word, made to sound weird and kind of lame, making it stick out like a sore thumb, interrupting the Latin sound of the language. Also, if you call your aunt "onlkino," you sound like you're saying that she's unclean.)

Gah. I hate that. There are ways of distinguishing between male and female without increasing the number or root words that you have to memorize. For example, instead of having women being a derivative of man, girl being a derivative of boy, mother being a derivative of father, and so forth, all of those things could be derivatives "adult person," "young person," "parent," "offspring," "sibling," "cousin," and "parent's sibling," which are all grammatically neutral in gender. Then you could add suffixes that could alter the gender of these words. It's not that omplicated. As it stands, this language is pretty darn sexist, enough that I'm a bit incredulous that it's associated with such high utopian ideals.

So there you have it. Esperanto isn't that great. If you want to learn a constructed language, I'd encourage you to consider Lojban instead. It definitely could use more attention. Also, Ithkuil is the ideal language, philosophically speaking, but the grammar is so advanced that and requires such precision of thought that you basically have to be a genius to speak it.

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The Complete Lojban Language

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd Dec 16 2016 · 163 views

:kaukau: I discovered a book by this name on the Barnes & Noble website. I'm strongly considering getting it with my next paycheck. It's approximately 600 words long, so although I wouldn't quite consider it to be the length of a college textbook, it should have a decent amount of information in there and be a worthwhile read.

Also, Ithkuil has a grammar book, too.

I'm considering buying both of these, reading them, and then lending them to my high school English teacher.

After those, I might end up buying a textbook on Esperanto.

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Happy LEGO Day

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Life, BZPower, Nerd, Events Feb 14 2014 · 635 views
LEGO
:kaukau: Why not?
 
Valentine's Day is a stupid holiday.  Always thought so, always will.  It wouldn't make a difference if I was in a relationship, because the things I value in a relationship transcend hearts and chocolate (although to be fair to chocolate, it is one of the greatest inventions ever).  I mean, to have society try to associate your relationship with such a commercialized event that has seemingly nothing to do with relationships when you two are too busy doing something that's actually important is kind of embarrassing.  Everything about it is awkward.  Is it the only day of the year that people are supposed to be romantic or something?  Is there supposed to be some sort of special date that boys take their girlfriends out on this day?  I would have figured that a special date wouldn't be on a day where everyone else is doing it, because you'd want to make it a little more personal.  It's kind of hard to be personal when everyone else is doing it, and when the romantic theme of Valentine's Day is also so vague and ambiguous.  It's like you're not celebrating anything in particular, or anything meaningful about relationships.  You're just celebrating the shallow stuff.
 
So from now on, I'm making my own holiday on February 14, something that's actually fun.  I missed out on seeing the The LEGO Movie on its opening weekend, but there's a matinee this Friday.  I decided that I would dedicate this day to LEGOs and see that movie.  A friend even knew that today was LEGO Day for me and suddenly dropped in on me at midnight to say "Happy LEGO Day!"
 
I'll have a review of the movie up tomorrow, and I hope everyone else who hasn't seen it yet takes some time today to see it.  In fact, it would be awesome if you, too, would consider today LEGO Day from now on and it became a little tradition among us BZPers.
 
Happy LEGO Day!
 
Oh, and I admit, I did give in and celebrate Valentine's Day just a little bit.  This morning, I treated myself to a chocolate, heart-shaped doughnut.  But that was because of the chocolate. It just might be as awesome as LEGOs.
 

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Doctor Who Series 7 Reaction

Posted by Jean Valjean , in Nerd Dec 20 2013 · 377 views

:kaukau: I just got done watching the second half last night, and really all I have to comment on are Clara and The Name of the Doctor.  On Clara, she doesn't have much life to her and I wish that she was a bit more of a handful like she was in Asylum of the Daleks.  Otherwise, she was just kind of there.  On The Name of the Doctor...All I have to say is that the ending was -- WHAM!!!
 
Yeah, it hit me like that.  I've seen a fair number of twists on the show, but all of them had a certain character to them.  This one took the show in a very different direction, one I thought they would never go.  What I can say is that I was initially very sad that Matt Smith was leaving, but now I'm genuinely interested in seeing the new Doctor.
 

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Me

Username: Jean Valjean
Real name: People literally don't have names in my family
Age: 24
Gender: Male
Heritage: Half Dutch, Quarter Hungarian, Eighth Swedish, Sixteenth German and Irish
Physical description: Looks like the eleventh Doctor
Favorite food: Chicken, turkey, and beef.
Least favorite food: Vegetables of any kind
Favorite band: Queen
Favorite singer: Billy Joel
Favorite song: American Pie
Favorite movie: Schindler's List
Favorite TV show: Avatar: The Last Airbender
Favorite play: Les Miserables
Favorite color: Silver
Second favorite color: Brown
Favorite board game: Risk
Favorite athlete: Michael Phelps
Lucky Number: 53
Past-times: Writing, reading, drawing
Political Caucus: Iowa Republicans
Religion: Christian
Language: Iowegian

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